Research in Writing

Executive Summary..


Research Questions.

Literature Review..



Executive Summary of Representation of Women in Cinema

In recent years there have been several short films produced in Australia at a low and cheaper cost. The first women's vision event was introduced in 1974 to led the first women’s film workshop. This study will examine all the factors of women in Australian cinema. Every industry has advantages and disadvantages which makes them unique. We will understand the cinema difference in the early years as compared to the current time. It also examines the factor of sexual objectification challenges women have to face.

Introduction to Representation of Women in Cinema

Australian film cinema is a shadow of cultural and social values and ideals. The Australian film industry has a high demand for female talent within the industry. Feminist themes in movies represent cultural and historical ideologies and constructions (Lake 1995). Australian women faced gender equality in the past related to cinema however, movies are always an important part of Australian popular culture. The early cinema has the contributions of women as directors were Lottie Lyell, but it is said that women are not well represented in cinema. Women have to go through many tough stages in life like Maternity and family responsibilities. The first Australian female to hold the reputed international position was Gillian Armstrong. cinema is likely to be more male dominance sector. Only 29 per cent of people work in cinema are women (Schilt, 2015). According to The Doll’s Revolution: Australian Theatre and Cultural Imagination, women entered the theatrical industry wherein Australian culture and identity values have been represented (Frensham, Rachel, & Varney, 2015). In 2013, women acting in domestic films holds 15 per cent of the leading role (Lauzen, 2015). It is said that the domestic roles often have the roles of sexual partners (Ogunranti, 1981; Brock, 2009) often depend on the roles of a mother (Lang, 2015). It is important to increase the number of women in cinema to have a diverse culture.

Research questions

  1. Does female have to face challenges and barriers in a world which is full of fame and money?

Females have second place in male creatives on the screen of the Australian film industry. However, the role and place converted into positive outcomes. According to ABS data, there is a pay gap in this due to gender differences. There is an absence of organizing rights within the workplace (McRobbie, 2011). From the last two decades, equality is assumed but men are still more privileged due to other certain factors (Gill, 2011).

  1. What significance do movies leave on us about women?

Some examples of classy women in history are “A Quiet Man”. the movie says that it is important to protect women, control her life. It teaches men are king and women follow him because he is always right. Movies teach us to love, to lust, to aspire, to control, to fantasize, to smoke, to drink, and even to do crime.

I believe the relationship between women and cinema is male satisfaction. There are very less women in directing but more males. “The Quiet Man” was popular in Hollywood for a long time. It teaches that the consent of women is not necessary, the forced kiss will always be liked and praised by the women, however, I particularly do not think about it deeper but many do. Sexual domination is the part of the erotic films which also shows that women are lived just to praise men and to please them (Dargis, 2018).

  1. Can women transcend Stereotypes?

There are many examples of the film industry which shows that the negative effect on the society. Sex stereotypes is a form of gender discrimination means treating someone differently. People have to accept the rewards and punishments that result from the behaviour they learned through films and media (Eyal, Raz, & Levi, 2014). Women sexuality has always been questioned on and off-screen. Racial stereotypes came from a long time even before the film industry (Leonard, 2019). It is argued that cinema should try and make valid efforts to improve the value of women in Australian cinema. (Smith, Choueiti, & Pieper, 2015).

  1. What barriers and challenges women face in Cinema?

According to (AFTRS), it is revealed that the percentage of women graduates is less than male graduates. Wherein there are 52 per cent of male graduates working in screenwriting, production and directing, women hold only 48 per cent. We cannot see this gender breakdown at the time of education but after the education ends. There are several issues related to Australia’s silver screen should reflect a diverse culture of experiences to implement on Australian society.

Literature Review of Representation of Women in Cinema

Feminism in cinema is a stereotypical depiction of women. In it said that in the Australian film industry 47 per cent of producers were female. There are many series based on strong female supporters. The influence of gender diversity is less marked off-screen. women fail to sustain in the industry due to less representation. It is a fact that women see cinema more than men. It is a complex issue for the Australian silver screen to have a positive representation of women. It is important to support them and to reduce the barriers facing women. As per the ASX, 200 company boards acquire 20 per cent of females. Equality is an important factor to teach the next generation. There are no violations by the government on the rights of women.

Research Design

Research design makes use of strategic tools to provide solutions to the underlying problems. It involves the collection, measurement, evaluation and analyzing relevant information. Research approach can be drawing out evidence from data which testifies the analysis. The research design is used to provide a framework for the study. It means utilizing data from various sources to make important decisions. This study has several parts including questionnaires for management and semi-structured questionnaires for key stakeholders like government, ministries and industries. It also contains Descriptive research which shows profiles of people, events and situations as they are (, 2019). This way facts could be used to elucidate the data even more and draw out conclusions which will further help to make suggestions to the study topic. Research incorporates proper data collection which can be defined as acquiring of crucial facts and figures relevant to come to the crux of the study in question. There are several ways through which data can be collected. Two bifurcations can be made based on primary data and secondary data. Interviewing audiences, surveying groups, through questionnaires and observations form a part of the primary data, while secondary data accounts for use of government certified, publishing house journals and articles which are already in existence. The secondary data collection method will be used to collect information on the topic which has been cited by reliable sources like government publications, organizational journals, university papers, and popular journal articles. This way relevant information will be drawn and solutions about the problems would be found. The data collected from all the sources will be properly cited giving credit to the authors and publishing houses for their precious work.



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Literature Review


Research Methodology


Data Analysis


Findings and Results


Discussion and Recommendation




Conclusion on Representation of Women in Cinema

The film industry in the West has been subjected to face many barriers to gender inequality in cinema. A strong gender pay gap between men and women. actors are paid higher than actresses. Actresses act more supporting roles than men. Gender inequality has been seen in films more strongly. It is very important to have a positive image of women which can motivate the Australian population. Several movies go beyond the realms of entertainment too, empower women in ways. It taught to the world that women have a will that they can grow with pain and take care of personal and professional life.

References for Representation of Women in Cinema

Brock, N. (2009). “Representations of Nigerian Women in Nollywood Film.” Doctoral Dissertation, Howard University.

Dargis, M. (2018). What The Movies Taught Me About Being a Women. Retrieved from Type=REGIWALL & fbclid=IWAROf90OUenFuUyKjlSmeUIX2bRywhDcZXzgoWL-SVWvgCW_Pf1F8t8Rnk00

Eyal, K., Raz, Y., & Levi, M. (2014). Messages about sex on Israeli television: Comparing local and foreign programming. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 58(1), 42-58

Frensham, C., Rachel, G. & Varney, D. (2005). The Doll’s Revolution: Australian Theatre and Cultural Imagination, Australian Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne.

Hall, P., West, J., & McIntyre, E. (2012). Female self-sexualization in personal profile photographs. Sexuality & Culture, 16(1),1-16 (2019). Research Design and methodology. Retrieved from

Lake, M. (1995). Female Desires: The Meaning of World War II in Damousi, Gender and War: Australians at war in the Twentieth Century, Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, New York, pp.60

Lang, B. (2015). Study finds fewer lead roles for women in Hollywood. Variety. Retrieved from

Lauzen, M. (2015). It’s a man’s (celluloid) world: On-screen representations of female characters in the top 100 films of 2014. San Diego

Leonard, K. (2019). Stereotypes in Movies and How Filmmakers Can Avoid Them. Retrieved from

Ogunranti, C.M. (1981). The role Portrayal of Women in Television Advertisement: The Nigerian Case. Unpublished Masters Thesis: University of Lagos.

Smith, S. L., Choueiti, M., & Pieper, K. (2015). Gender bias without borders: An investigation of female characters in popular films across 11 countries. Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media. Retrieved from (Accessed on 02 Aug 2020).

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Arts Assignment Help

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