• Subject Code : UNCC300
  • Subject Name : Sociology

Justice and Change in A Global World

Introduction to Syria War Crisis

A decade ago in Syria, a pro-democracy protest started against the Assad government, after a few teenagers were arrested and tortured for painting revolutionary slogans on a school wall in the southern city of Deraa. To curb the protest, the security forces were ordered to open fire on the protestors thus killing a few of them and instigating others to get on the streets in large numbers to show their resistance against the government (BBC 2018). This issue turned out nationwide in the form of violent protests demanding the resignation of President Assad. In response to this, the government used force to dissent the revolutionary protests.

Humanitarian Crisis

Since 2011, Syria Civil War Emerged as the biggest Humanitarian Crisis since World War 2. Nearly half of the country’s population have to flee their homes including 6.6 million seeking refuge in neighboring countries for their safety and around 6.7 million internally displaced inside Syria and around hundreds of thousands have lost their lives (Gavlak 2018).

Lebanon and Syria have about 70% of refugees living in poverty, in an overcrowded room without privacy and other necessities such as running water and electricity. The refugees are forced to live life without human dignity in inhumane conditions. While the population in Syria is also struggling the same fate as most of the civilian infrastructure and services are destroyed. These refugees should be equally distributed to countries willing to accept these refugees as their citizens providing assistance and aid in employment and housing aid as well.

The indiscriminate bombing has destroyed roads, schools, and hospitals. Places that are crowded once such as historical landmarks, Marketplaces are reduced to rubble. The social and financial Structure of Syria is destroyed and anarchy is all over Syria. Solidarity of a human in violated as the refugee are now seen as second-grade citizens. While the Syrian crisis is due to the clash of some ideologies but stats show that most of the affected refugees are under 18 and not know about the conflict (Christian 2016). These youth should be educated and can be transformed into a workforce which in turn can help to assist other people in crisis

With a hot mess of political agenda and foreign powers jumping into this bandwagon for exploiting this crisis for their gain, the political structure is nowhere near stable with new political entities rising every week. Still, the Syrian army is regaining territory and the original idea for which this crisis happened is being overshadowed by the deadly fate of the people in crisis. The fight is for participation and subsidiarity of people of Syria but the gain of power of Assad’s authoritarian government, the initial cause of the struggle now perceived as a failure, and the full impact is now on the people of Syria itself. This interference caused much harm than good to Syrian people. UN Peacekeeping Force will be extensively deployed and observing agencies should also be stationed as well.

The action of any party including Assad’s government should be observed and halted that can cause further distress.

War Crimes

A United Nations’ commission of inquiry holds the evidence that various war crimes have been committed by all the parties involved in the conflict including acts of murder, torture, rape, and enforced disappearances. There have been accusations of exploiting the civilians as a weapon of war. The UN has accused the Islamic State (IS) of waging a terror campaign against the government (UNRA 2020). Hundreds of public executions and amputations have been inflicted severely on people who refuse to comply with the IS policies. Numerous mass killings of the other armed groups and the securities forces including religious minorities have been done by the IS fighters including beheaded hostages and several Westerners.

After the US military intervention, President Assad agreed to destroy and remove the chemical weapons arsenal of Syria but the investigator says otherwise and found systematic and repeated use of chemical weapons. Despite weapons embargo weapons are illegally imported and used. A Proper and strict non-weaponization policy should be formulated with a proper investigation for the same.

Conclusion on Syria War Crisis

The displaced Syrians are seeking shelter in Afrin from other war-affected areas. Most civilian causalities have been reported after the Turkish forces supported the Islamist groups and invaded Afrin which is located in a Kurdish-controlled area about 30 miles from Aleppo. The establishment of a no-fly zone and the policy of immediate cease-fire as well as humanitarian corridors for medicines and relief supplies have been developed possibly. Any Wastage of Aid should be avoided, a common problem is aid doesn’t reach the intended party. Countries engaged in the trade or any relations with Syria should support and should supply necessary items such as medicines, food supplies, sanitary items, etc. and also should help in financial matters. While United Nations Aid is also contributing much to fix this crisis as well.

References for Syria War Crisis

BBC, (2018). Syria: The story of the conflict. BBC NEWS. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-26116868

Christian R.G. (2016). Syria, Human Dignity, and the Responsibility to Protect. Retrieved from https://churchlifejournal.nd.edu/articles/syria-human-dignity-and-the-responsibility-to-protect/

Gavlak, D. (2018). U.N. officials, church leaders decry escalating situation in Syria. Retrieved from https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/un-officials-church-leaders-decryescalating-situation-syria

UNRA (2020). About the Crisis in Syria, United Nations Refugee Agency. Retrieved from https://www.unrefugees.org/emergencies/syria 

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