The concept of common good translates to “in benefit and interest of all” and is often supplemented through shared responsibility where collaboration between various individuals leads to the accomplishment of a common desired goal (Fishman, 2020). The common good is achieved by shared responsibility, diligence, and understanding of the need for welfare and harmony. In light of the same, this essay will focus on highlighting the role of advocacy and community engagement to address this challenge within the professional community, local community, and the global community.
In stressing conditions like the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19, the need and the assertion of the common good, shared responsibility, and collaborative effort becomes even more important (Khoo & Lantos, 2020). The United Nations has implanted the need for “shared responsibility, global solidarity, and effective responding” to curb the menace generated by the pandemic (United Nations, 2020). However, the aim to achieve a common good to provide care for all in this condition has failed so far. Every time, a new potent controlling drug is announced, there is a market rampage where the most powerful and influential get the access limiting the countries with limited resources struggling for the resource. The “powerplay” in the pandemic has been the reason how the common good and shared efforts for fighting the pandemic have been ignored (Khoo & Lantos, 2020).
A most prominent example of this was the hogging the entire stocks of medicines by the United States that were found to be effective for the treatment and management of COVID-19. For instance, when Remdevisir was launched and was found to be effective for the management of COVID-19 symptoms in the affected patients, the United States had purchased the entire stock The Guardian reported that it was impossible for any other country to buy the drug for at least next three months (Boseley, 2020). It is important to understand how the entire world is trying to curb this menace, minimize the loss, and emerge out of this situation and therefore, stocking of the resources endorses selective action and opportunism and not wellness of humanity in its entirety. A greater good was, therefore, compromised and not being realized.
The healthcare and the nursing community possess a great responsibility in managing the ever-increasing inflow of the patients and manage the pandemic in a systematic, professional fashion (Kaufman et al., 2020). The primary action to address the challenge is to organize and communicate. When an unexpected circumstance like pandemic emerges, it is only normal for a large fraction of professionals to be skeptical and feel not very confident with the systematic measures required as it poses a direct threat to the community as the healthcare professionals, especially, nurses, are the primary sources of contact with the patient (Mo et al., 2020). Therefore, the professionals need to organize and lay down their responsibilities for the need of the community and ensure the wellness of everyone through health advocacy and community engagement for the protective measures.
Another effective measure to address the challenges like that of COVID-19 in the professional sphere of nurses is to encourage safety and wellbeing of the patients is the promotion of research and development (Raftery et al., 2020). The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia asserts that research in healthcare is an essential responsibility of healthcare professionals (Cashin et al., 2017). Therefore, to ensure the wellbeing of everyone and to achieve the common good, the investment in research must be ensured in times when dealing with a novel pathogen, and the results must be shared with a greater scientific community so that they can be applied, researched, verified, and used to fight against the pandemic.
To promote greater good and shared responsibility in the times of a pandemic like that of COVID-19 that is directly associated with human interaction and transmission, a notion of shared responsibility should be developed in the local community to ensure the wellbeing of people (Rudnicka et al., 2020). The precautionary measures like hand washing, sanitization, use of masks, and social distancing can be achieved only with effective community action that can help in containing the viral spread. Therefore, community engagement should be the primary goal for action within the local population. The precautionary measures should be provided to the local community by providing knowledge and preventing the spread of pseudoscientific measures in the local community (Raftery et al., 2020). The code of conduct by the Nursing and the Midwifery Board of Australia also highlights the importance of providing knowledge to the community and patients (Cashin et al., 2017). This will help in generating awareness and help in containing the spread through shared responsibility and by understanding the need to follow these measures and advocate the promotion of health and beneficence of the local community.
The goal to achieve a common good for the community can be achieved only through the global, systematic action at the international level. In a pandemic, like in the current situation of COVID-19, the health systems across the world are under distress and the research has been pacing to find a cure as well as a management strategy (Sotonye & Obah, 2020). The collaboration through global platforms is therefore essential. Sharing of resources within the nations and governments that need them the most. The impact of the pandemic has been heterogeneous with some places affected more than others, and with some nations being able to manage the condition within time while others have been struggling to see a decline in the incidence curve (Triwibowo et al., 2020). Therefore, it is important, that the pandemic is perceived as a global challenge and participatory efforts are made to ensure the wellbeing of a larger community. This can be achieved through the enhancement of diplomacy and regimen shift of discussions focused on beneficence and wellness of the populations than over trade and power (Sotonye & Obah, 2020). This will not only help in achieving better results, effective control, and promote wellness of the populations on the humanitarian grounds in these tough times.
The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 forms the premise of this essay and it talks about how a common good should be a premier focus for the wellness of communities and how it has not been realized in the ongoing situation. This essay explores how the actions should be taken at professional levels, within the local communities, as wells as, on the international levels to ensure shared responsibility through a participatory approach to achieve a greater good in the community. The challenge of fighting the pandemic is enormous as it has a direct impact on the lives of the individual. However, through effective health promotion, advocacy of achieving a common good for the welfare can enhance community engagement and help overcome the emerging challenges.
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