• Subject Name : Nursing

Mary’s Story

Table of Contents


Description of ICF.

Application of the ICF.



Summary of The ICF Model of Functioning and Disability

Mary got married with the person who is not caring and who is dominant in every matter whether it be money or taking care of her. Mary is disabled person she can’t leave her wheelchair. She gets bore at home as she has nothing to do. Even she got no authority of shopping for her son or for herself. Her husband was already married before Mary got married with him. Mary wants someone to look after her, to take care of her emotions. Even the care takers she got with her are not cooperative. They always listen to her husband and only and do what he says to them. Except the one care taker who take care of her. She can also share her feelings with her about her husband. She suggested her some disabled advocates who can take care of her. She talked to the advocate but that person helped her with the money but not with her husband. Mary always do window shopping at home with her career. Even she doesn’t have a custody of her son as police took him when he was one-year-old.

Police told her that they are taking him because of some rape cases found where she used to live before marriage. But according to Mary her husband is not that evil. The girl must be bluffing about him because she was jealous of Mary and her husband. As Mary is disabled and cannot walk on her own even can’t leave her chair, this means that she is dependent on her husband or care takers. So, she wants care takers to be good and sweet or at least communicate in a good way. She'd like to encourage them to have more fun, have a nice time, relax, and connect well with the people they're helping. She wants other women to marry a person who knows how to take care of the women they are getting married with. Make sure that all women are right with their decisions.

Description of ICF

The ICF is a World Health Organization (WHO) grouping focused on the integrative bio-psycho social functioning, disability and wellness paradigm. Position is the subjective condition linked to the position and involvement of the body. The complex relationship with a health issue, personal and environmental influences is considered. In the other hand, impairment includes the subjective experience with damaged body processes and mechanisms, restriction of movement and social restrictions with a health status. Although it is often useful to differentiate between functioning and impairment when reading medical literature, the role is often indirectly dealt with when impairment is discussed from the bio-psycho - social viewpoint of the ICF. The functioning and impairment within the ICF's integrative biopsychic-social model is a therapeutic approach, i.e. the activity is seen as strongly communicating with the environment and with the features of the individual. Furthermore, procedure is not just the consequence, but also the point of departure for therapeutic reviews, intervention control, review of post-intervention, and quality management. The ICF grades are grouped within each portion in a stem-branch-leaf system, under which the more basic category grades have the same characteristics as the wider class. Each portion consists of chapters with the largest level of chapters (Bunning, 2017).

The second level categories then form each chapter, which are then made up of third level categories. Any categories of the third level often contain categories of the fourth level. Although the ICF follows the bio-psychosocial model, the model and classification vary. The bio-psycho - social paradigm, for example, portrays events and involvement as separate individuals. However, a strong differentiation in practices between practitioners and theoretical structures on the basis in ICF definitions is not yet feasible provided international variations. That is why the ICF retains events and engagement as a part of its operations. In addition, while personal variables are mentioned as part of the bio-psychosocial model, they are still not graded as ICF (Hacker, 2017).

The ICF certification is applied to a 'dot' category, e.g. e150.2 (moderate obstacle to the construction of houses, public use goods and technology), to show that an environmental aspect functions as the obstacle. The ICF Qualifier shall be applied to the list after a plus sign e.g. e1151 + 4, to show that an environmental element enables the operation. (As an assistive and personal-use device in everyday life functions as a full facilitator). The ICF has over 1400 groups, which makes it a very detailed rating. The ICF has tremendous benefits and power in this exhaustiveness. However, its practicality still poses the greatest challenge. The ICF related resources must be adapted to the need of consumers-without sacrificing the capabilities of the ICF to increase the applicability of the classification. Developing ICF Core Sets is one method (Hullinger, 2018).

Application of the ICF

In Mary’s case she should talk to ICF as ICF is the system for organization and reporting of information on activities and disabilities (WHO2001). The International Definition of Working Disabilities and Wellbeing (ICF). ICF includes the common vocabulary and philosophical framework for the description and estimation of disability and offers classifications and codes. It is intended to be "the complex relationship between an individual's fitness, environmental factors and personal factors." It incorporates as a 'bio-psycho social overview' the main types of disabilities-the medical model and the social model. It acknowledges the role of environmental causes as well as the role of health problems in the development of disabilities (Üstün et al. 2003).

Functioning through disability are understood as a construct that denotes the positive and negative facets of biological, human and social functioning. Therefore, the ICF proposes a bio psychotic approach that represents a multi-perspective approach. Definitions and definitions in the ICF would be interpreted in neutral terms, if possible, so that all positive and negative elements of functioning can be reported in the classification. There is no clear or implied distinction between clinical problems in the context of operation and impairment (M.Reed, 2019).

Etiology does not identify impairment. ICF clarifies that, for example, medical diagnosis alone cannot infer involvement in daily life. In this way, ICF is neutral in etiology: a person who cannot walk or go to work may be identified with one of many health conditions. Through moving the emphasis from health to job, the ICF equalizes health issues in a shared context that allows them to be contrasted with each other as well as their respective roles are concerned. For e.g., in Australia people with a health disorder and impairment have extremely high levels of arthritis, i.e. that the impairment of the population is significantly affected by arthritis. However, the likelihoods of serious disabilities are far greater in terms of disorders such as Autism, Epilepsy, Down syndrome and brain paralysis (AIHW 2004).


Hearing loss patients with comparable degrees of hearing loss who have differing symptoms and who respond to hearing therapy differently are normal. Why is this? Why would this be? Patients undergo hearing loss differently, depending on the sorts of behavior they perform, their position in society, their identity and the environment. By adopting the ICF, we will analyses and classify influences that affect these impacts through the implementation of the International Operating, Injury and Wellbeing Classification (ICF) system of the World Health Organization. Such a research will direct children and adults with hearing loss through audiological tests and treatment. The ICF is a biopsychosocial virtual setting that can be used to identify situations related to wellbeing and health (Hacker, 2017).

ICF takes into account the wellness of an individual in two ways: one by cognition and injury and the other through meaning. The definition of the body's roles and mechanisms as well as behaviors and activity involves functioning and impairment. A health disorder defines the associated negative impacts using words such as heart disease, movement limits (e.g. problems with communication), and constraints on participatory involvement. Activities apply to a person carrying out a mission or an activity, and their presence in a life situation defines a person. The structural factors within the ICF include evaluating the effect on the general functioning and condition of a person of the environmental factors (e.g. behaviors of families, friends, and providers in health; organizational policies) and individual factors (e.g. age, sex, personality). The overarching purpose of the ICF is to include the definition of health and health-related States with a shared language and structure (McDougall, 2015).

The World Health Organization (WHO) published in 2001 (WHO 2001a) the International Definition of Functioning Disability and Wellbeing. Ever since, the ICF has been introduced relatively slowly. European countries have made more strides than several other parts of the world in adopting the ICF, and in many countries the ICF has explicitly been listed in legislation and disability policies. ICF application of healthcare frameworks and its applicability to psychiatric conditions were less emphasized, although they are a significant explanation for incapacity (Pretis, 2017).

References for The ICF Model of Functioning and Disability

Adolfsson, M. (2017). Applying the ICF-CY to identify everyday life situations of children and youth with disabilities . Studies from Swedish Institute for Disability Research .

Bunning, K. (2017). The perception of disability by community groups: Stories of local understanding, beliefs and challenges in a rural part of Kenya.

Erickson, K. (2015). Literacy and persons with developmental disabilities: why and how? Literacy for Life.

Hacker, D. S. (2017). ICF Australian User Guide.

Hullinger, A. M. (2018). Referring a Client to Therapy.

Jahiel, R. I. (2015). A Structural and Conceptual Modification of the International Classification of Function, Disability and Health (ICF). Sage journal.

M.Reed, G. (2019). The relevance of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to mental disorders and their treatment. Alter, 3(4), 340-359.

Margie Schneider, S. H. (2017). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and CBR. ICF AND CBR.

McDougall, J. (2015). The ICF model of functioning and disability: Incorporating quality of life and human development. Developmental neurorehabilitation, 13(3), 204-11.

Meyer, C. (2016). What Is the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and Why Is It Relevant to Audiology? Semin Hear, 37(3), 163–186.

NDA. (2017). Integrating the ICF and Related Resources to Improve Universal Design Guidance Standards.

Organization, W. H. (2017). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Healthy. International classification of functioning, disability and health : ICF.

Physio. (2017). ICF in Relation to Wheelchair Users. Physioplus.

Pretis, P. D. (2017). Information for the ICF-CY planning and documentation systemInternational Classification of FUNCTIONING, DISABILITY and HEALTH Children and Youth version.

Psysiopedia. (2016). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).

Salvador-Carulla, L. (2016). The WHO construct of health-related functioning (HrF) and its implications for health policy. BMC Public Health, 11.

Schiariti, V. (2018). International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Sets for cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder, and attention‐deficit–hyperactivity disorder. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology.

Stucki, P. D. (2018). Developing a method to validate the WHO ICF Core Sets from the patient perspective: rheumatoid arthritis as a case in point .

Vornholt, K. (2018). Disability and employment – overview and highlights. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 27(1), 40-55.

WHO. (2017). How to use the ICF.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Nursing Assignment Help

Get It Done! Today

Applicable Time Zone is AEST [Sydney, NSW] (GMT+11)
Upload your assignment
  • 1,212,718Orders

  • 4.9/5Rating

  • 5,063Experts


  • 21 Step Quality Check
  • 2000+ Ph.D Experts
  • Live Expert Sessions
  • Dedicated App
  • Earn while you Learn with us
  • Confidentiality Agreement
  • Money Back Guarantee
  • Customer Feedback

Just Pay for your Assignment

  • Turnitin Report

  • Proofreading and Editing

    $9.00Per Page
  • Consultation with Expert

    $35.00Per Hour
  • Live Session 1-on-1

    $40.00Per 30 min.
  • Quality Check

  • Total

  • Let's Start

Browse across 1 Million Assignment Samples for Free

Explore MASS
Order Now

My Assignment Services- Whatsapp Tap to ChatGet instant assignment help