• Subject Name : General Law

Bangladesh’s Information Communications Technology Act (Section 57)

Table of Contents


Legal issues are explained.

Ethical issues are explained.

Importance to know by a journalist about this case.

Key written resources.

Main challenges.




This case reveals that communication technology-act has to rely on the Bangladesh Government, and multiple areas are also criticized immensely. However, the respective case also expresses section 57 by criticizing political leaders, media, Facebook, an online newspaper, social media alongside blogs (KHAN, 2013). Moreover, the proposed digital security has also released the bill for replacing abusive law alongside it is even appropriately connected to some respects, which is also responsible for violating International obligations. In addition, these are even securing speech freedom by realizing scrutiny by the Bangladesh government. Moreover, human rights have appropriately recorded all factors through the United Nations in the year of 2018. Therefore, journalists are effect by getting all the details regarding this critical fact. However, this process is famous as a universal-periodic review. Besides, the Bangladesh government should implement this opportunity for committing all cracks down over criticism and dissent. It also mentions political opposition rather than leading the robust public event over free expression in a reliable manner. It is also highlighted that the government also acknowledges present section 57 based upon the I.C.T. act, and this act describes the draconian. However, the new law has been proposed for improvement purposes and generating new ensures to encourage all criminal justice process. Besides, section 57 also authorizes the respective prosecution for any person and publishers electronically by unlawfully demonstrating fake materials.

Legal Issues Are Explained

By understanding the communication act in Bangladesh, the journalist also identified or recognized legal problems that become extreme and leads disruption illegally. There are major issues that will be influenced by legal comments by understanding overseas monitoring bodies.

  • The chief issue is followed by convention over Human Rights, where is everyone has the authority to think independently and share their expression to the Bangladesh government appropriately (Bari and Dey, 2019).
  • This right could not provide appropriate freedom, and people failed to share all information with the government that has easily developed complications.
  • In addition, this factor has been followed by private censorship and also expressed law factors thoroughly. Therefore, subsequent imposition could appropriately liable for demonstrating the right reputation, and it is thoroughly relying on others.
  • National security protection could not appropriately preserve, and the expressions right should not be thoroughly restricted by suitable law and constantly affecting over circulation and communication ideas via public opinions.
  • Understanding the communication act is appropriately followed by section 57, and the Court system has frequently utilized to curb all traditional journalism and speech appropriately. These are not well-maintained and not accordingly applied based on journalists (Rahman and Rashid, 2020).

Ethical Issues Are Explained

  • By recognizing or monitoring ethical issues, the Bangladesh government has appropriately connected to the Bengali newspaper, which had constantly demonstrated cases facts according to Section 57. Therefore, state agencies and police can demonstrate a special factor of prosecution through private citizens in a prospective manner.
  • Other ethical complications have followed by media profiles, which spread rumors among student protest alongside file around 6 cases through understanding communication and information-technology act. Therefore, it leads to complications and conflicts in Bangladesh, where the situation would not handle through the government.
  • Cybersecurity has followed the remaining issue where the media report was effectively reported, and they have taken legal interventions for spreading all rumors (Chaney and Sahoo, 2020).
  • However, there is no scope in terms of decent, and section 57 has appropriately filled to the student movement, which is relevant to road safety as many more. Therefore, one prominent photograph has arrested by police, and around seven-day remand was given through section 57. This spreading propaganda has appropriately revealed violations against the government.

Importance to Know by A Journalist About This Case

In this critical section, journalist presence has been effective, and they should respond appropriately by understanding capital punishment, which is relevant to traffic law. The Bangladesh government also depended upon journalists, and they could easily display all facts through social media or television (Muchtar et al. 2017). The reason behind this strategy is to aware public and also engage in accurately reducing such circumstances. However, the journalist has implemented the I.C.T. tool through Government support, and the government also supported reducing all unnecessary curriculums. However, social media has appropriately relevant or connected to a journalist where is student protest has appropriately mentioned by understanding the I.C.T. act. In terms of reaction purposes, journalists could reduce violence, and they have a major role in demonstrating racism over society. Apart from essential factors, their protest has considered a vital matter because they could easily signify all violent elements in a significant way. In addition, Global protests have been appropriately followed by journalism, which is incredibly essential, and they are accountable for offering legitimate and reliable news towards the Bangladesh government. This is how; journalists have appropriately taken a major role in demonstrating all outrage alongside reducing all circumstances after analyzing this respective matter. Besides, journalism has been effective in Defense any authoritarianism by understanding problematic situations that are collectively intended to undermine effectively.

Key Written Resources

The primary written sources have extracted from I.C.T., which was comparatively critical and effectual by understanding the ruling party Government and police response towards this protest (Islam, 2018). In addition, the sources have been followed by the serious allegation. Moreover, Inspector has alleged that respectful people were aimed to break the law alongside students through spreading rumors. Moreover, the factor also relying on civil societies by understanding proper consultation and also ensure that new law could easily pass all situations. Moreover, speech criminalization also offenses regarding the worst cases by understanding the violence factor where direct provocation is appropriately engaged. Besides, proper authorities are followed alongside deformation by understanding criticism where the government should involve International and Domestic experts and release all complications.

Furthermore, it also monitors offer compliance by understanding political and civil rights where the Bangladesh government has engaged in being the party and also analyze opinions regarding historical facts. It also secures freedom regarding speech as well as human rights. However, Bangladesh police have registered a massive quantity of complaints that come under communication and information technology. It also contains social media, alongside journalist post that criticizes political leadership and the ruling party in 2018. There are presently deliberations in Bangladesh for replacing the I.C.T. act. The bill of digital security has appropriately replaced all existing provisions that are opposed to Civil Society. Therefore, the statement has currently executed the parliamentary committee in terms of Re-evaluation purposes and delivered through government instead of intense opposition. Successive administration has developed a relationship with media citizens and civil society. This was appropriately evident that Bangladesh was thoroughly relying on emergency powers policies. Due to the I.C.T. act by 2006, technology and communication have digitally improved and developed multiple strategies by understanding social-economic factors containing poverty reduction, women's empowerment, education, health, food security, etc.

Main Challenges

The biggest challenges have been followed by the proposed act regarding digital security, which could quickly develop allegation by understanding section 57 in Bangladesh (Haque et al. 2020). These are incompatible, and challenges rely on the country's obligation in terms of expression and freedom of opinion. Besides, section 57 has also compatible with proper Publications that come under respective International Law. Moreover, challenges are followed by the hostel environment and promote self-censorship between bloggers, citizens, and journalists. Besides, they also arrested the reporter, which was viral over a Facebook post, and generated more complications over that period. Apart from other challenges, cybersecurity also faced multiple challenges to deliver or represented Facebook posts through media (Runa, 2019). However, the prospective report also reveals that critics were considered the main obstacles in this scenario by understanding extreme evidence. These challenges have also been executed through the I.C.T. act, and challenges need to diminish by observing administration policy, which is relevant to integrating particular digital communication. In addition, challenges have followed by an appropriate strategy that is responsible for internet access, and primary legal could take the major part to demonstrate freedom regarding expression, and crimes are committed via electronic factors. In addition, their major obstacles have focused on law, and violence has risen due to Section 57, which is disconcerting over political developments in Bangladesh. The subsequent utilization has been relying on a particular section by regulating non-state and state actors, which are more troubling. Afterward, false accusations have also been followed by deterioration in the law, and these are provided through official permission for removing the bail application (Hussain and Mostafa, 2016). By understanding or demonstrating pending trial, these are appropriately developed reasons if convicted accurately. However, official permission could not reflect over arrest warrants; therefore, it has appropriately fluctuated over cyber Tribunal, and these are dealing with critical offenses.

Conclusion on The Enactment of Digital Security Laws

After analyzing the respective case in Bangladesh, it is thoroughly justified that the communication and information technology act has been appropriately proposed by section 57. For reducing all consequences, the government, alongside a journalist, has proposed or implemented the I.C.T. act, and police would also obey all guidelines and demonstrate the findings in the corrected manner. Moreover, the journalist has also relied on digital security by understanding potential factors for recreation purposes.

References for The Enactment of Digital Security Laws

Bari, M.E., and Dey, P., 2019. The Enactment of Digital Security Laws in Bangladesh: No Place for Dissent. Geo. Wash. Int'l L. Rev., 51, p.595.

Chaney, P. and Sahoo, S., 2020. Civil society and the contemporary threat to religious freedom in Bangladesh. Journal of Civil Society, 16(3), pp.191-215.

Haque, M.M., Yousuf, M., Alam, A.S., Saha, P., Ahmed, S.I. and Hassan, N., 2020. Combating Misinformation in Bangladesh: Roles and Responsibilities as Perceived by Journalists, Fact-checkers, and Users. arXiv preprint arXiv:2007.12841.

Hussain, F., and Mostafa, M., 2016. Digital contradictions in Bangladesh: encouragement and deterrence of citizen engagement via I.C.T.s. Information Technologies & International Development, 12(2), pp.pp-47.

Islam, M.A., 2018. Making Sense of Data Journalism from Bangladesh Perspective. Global Media Journal, 16(31), pp.1-6.

KHAN, M.S.A., Freedom of Expression in Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis and Evaluation of Section 57 of The Information and Communication Technology Act, 2013 (amended).

Muchtar, N., Hamada, B.I., Hanitzsch, T., Galal, A., Masduki and Ullah, M.S., 2017. Journalism and the Islamic worldview: Journalistic roles in Muslim-majority countries. Journalism studies, 18(5), pp.555-575.

Rahman, M.A. and Rashid, H.O., 2020. Digital Security Act and Investigative Journalism in Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis. CenRaPS Journal of Social Sciences, 2(2), pp.216-236.

Runa, S.J., 2019. The Challenges of Freedom of Expression and the Digital Security Act 2018. BiLDBANGLADESH, p.75.

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