Australia has been a multicultural, rather multi-faith country constituting Christianity as the leading. Simultaneously, Buddhism as the second most followed religion among other religions and schools of thoughts such as Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and secularism. This multiculturalism and multi-faith thing in Australia is sometimes becoming the cause inteaching a kind of complication when speaking or making a generalization in the country and sustaining it ( Bouma et al., 2016).
In addition to this, many Australians are strong advocates of the understanding and upholding of only Christianity in the legal and societal reforms of Australia, considering religious and cultural diversity as a challenge to the traditional Australian values andthe greatest threat to thesurvival and population of Christianity.
Thus, to captivate this situation, merging the concept introduced by the recognized human rights by the Australian Human Rights Commission, of having the freedom of religion and belief and its practice, the widespread of the “Australian Values” is a big step in the propagation of equality among the citizens belonging to different religions and the sustenance of individual rights and to handle the underlined complication ( Wong, 2019).
Because for Australia to maintain its multiculturalism, it is essential to address the influence caused by different voices under the effect of socio-cultural, political, and historical backgrounds in articulating policies and handling the change requests so that there would be no business and every citizen should be treated equally without any discrimination ( Lovat, 2017).
In this context, to deeply enroot the Australian Values from an early stage in every citizen, these values are being taught in schools to the students so that this thing could be instilled and also are strictly demanded to be undertaken by every new immigrant applying for either temporary or permanent visa, to adhere these values through a testing process alongside the Australian laws to ensure that each Australian National is known to them and therefore readily implements the matters pertaining the freedom, equality, uniformity, and support for each individual, as he resides helping in the creation of a balanced, peaceful and stable society to live in; hence mitigating the adversities of the religious and cultural diversity and to collaborate at a single point ( Brigham, 2018). These values, with their focus on fostering the social cohesion among each resident, will help the country maintain its multiculturalism and multi-faith since each religion has its uniqueness in some way that encourages learning and adaptation. In this way, diversity benefits us and highlights the importance of the personal significance of a person’s belief.
Furthermore, considering these values, in the context of their compatibility regarding Buddhism and Christianity specifically, the most followed religion by the Australian Nationals, a prominent consistency of these values can be seen withthese religions. The Australian Values deliberately conform to the religious values concerning Buddhism and Christianity such that the crux of these values coincides with the underlying religion’s values a little contextually different but almost semantically same ( Vogl, 2016). This is because Christianity and Buddhism being the oldest religions, contain a rich and diverse knowledge and practice of human societal advancements, cultures, and their development.
Therefore, in the Australian Values, if we mainly take Christianity and Buddhism, the notable concepts of Buddhism and Christianity can be observed in alignment with their central teachings such as in Buddhism, the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path, whereas in Christianity, the Ten Commandments, the Beatitudes, and Catholic Social Teaching, all are beautifully summed up in the Australian Values, on a lighter note contributing ease to the Christians and Buddhist community to easilyfollow and practice, considering their proportionality in the country, whereas defending and preservingthe minorities can avoid any possible conflicts to surface ( Raboteau, 2018).
For instance, discussing the relevance of these values with Buddhism, almost all the costs satisfy the critical points in the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path teachings of Buddhism such that if a man has to achieve a dignified place, he must be mindful in coping up with the sufferings of this world. This mindfulness withstands a person’s to be able to self-control and initiate good conduct towards others, and as we observe all the Australian Values from the freedom and equality of rights till the uniformity of speaking one language, abide by these teachings.
Because the above mentioned all concepts introduced by Buddhism configures a person’s behavior that resultantly imparts an effect on others during the social interaction and able us to think and analyze what if one person doesn’t take care and understands the importance of freedom, equality, uniformity, and support by ignoring the mindfulness (a person’s self-control and good conduct towards others), couldn’t it leads to a colossal disaster and conflicts, making the phenomenon ofmulticulturalism impossible to achieve and consequently creating difficulty for people to be together and promoting hate ( Hoar, 2020).
Whereas, on the other hand, Christianity, keeping in view its Ten Commandments, the Beatitudes, and Catholic Social Teaching, it is not wrong to say that all the values defined by the Australian Government are a concise description of the individual and societal duties explained in teachings of Christianity and above all that they are not disturbing the other religions in Australia.
Overall the concepts covered in the manifests of these two compared religions are based and are fully supportive towards the safety of a person’s dignity, establishing community and participation, care for others, and bringing peace with the act of solidarity. And these values exactly match the concepts defined. Alongside this, people with any religious background acknowledged and accepted the importance of each value outlined. These values are pivotal to any significant religion populating in the country and a single point agreed upon by all the prevailing beliefs in Australia.
Bouma, G., Cahill, D., Dellal, H., &Zwartz, A. (2016). Freedom of religion and belief in 21st century Australia: A research report prepared for the Australian Human Rights Commission. Australian Human Rights Commission.
Brigham, E. (2018). See, judge, act: Catholic social teaching and service learning. Anselm Academic.
Hoar, G. F. (2020). Autobiography of Seven Years. BoD–Books on Demand.
Lovat, T. (2017). Values education as good practice pedagogy: Evidence from Australian empirical research. Journal of Moral Education, 46(1), 88-96.
Raboteau, A. J. (2018). American prophets: Seven religious radicals and their struggle for social and political justice. Princeton University Press.
Vogl, C. (2016). The art of community: Seven principles for belonging. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
Wong, P. (2019). Australian Values, Australia’s Interests–Foreign Policy Under a Shorten Labor Government. Speech. Canberra: Lowy Institute. Accessed August, 7, 2019.
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