• Subject Name : Arts and Humanities

Critically Evaluate the Role of International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs) in Dealing with Humanitarian Crisis

The humanitarian crisis is described as events that relate to the events that are threatening the wellbeing of a large group of people. This may be caused because of conflict arising from internal, or external factors (World vision 2020). Some key humanitarian crisis includes famine, natural disaster. International Nongovernment Organizations (INGOs) play an important role in providing quality health care under crisis to the affected countries. The growing large-scale disease has impacted government response. This essay critically evaluates the role of International non-government organization

The growing large scale disease has impacted government response. The humanitarian crisis causes physical, economic damage that overwhelms the capacity of the community to cope and prevent the group’s access to food, water. INGOs operations have strategically helped affected countries. Their emergency operations are conducted on a wide scale in many developing countries. INGO depends on funding and delivery system, which are usually not governed by the structured authority. Right-wing members see INGOs as a constructive player for challenging political power and outreach. INGOs work on a wide range of groups to derive strategies in intense environment situations. INGOs extensive team supports administration with their extensive research. 

INGOs play a significant role by providing field research and escalating any emergent medical assistance required for conflict resolution in outbreak situations. Their vast network helps to polarize support and advocate a course of action for policy for the benefit of the country is also undertaken by INGOs. The humanitarian crisis derails the inadequate government measures with compromised health infrastructure.

INGOs action in countries African countries set an example for stronghold and disaster management. Somalia an African country has witnessed the political crisis since 1990 leading to the displacement of population and risk of shelter for the population. In Somalia famine was declared, which resulted in the death of over 200000 people in 2018 (Human Rights Watch 2019). The livestock and water availability dried in the areas of Somalia. Major NGOs who stand up in the crisis is CARE and Crisis Group.

CARE works in over 80 countries and is reaching people through its humanitarian ecosystem (CARE, 2018). CARE helps in providing medical help, food supplements, and medical care for the citizen. They foster to support communities’ to fight against emergencies.

Crisis Group has contributed to building a food security shelter for children after the attack of Al-Shabaad terrorist group. They work by advocating public policy and conducting field research

Somalia crisis depicted that INGOs holds credibility and supreme work on funding and public meeting by awareness programme. These INGOs work as a voice for underprivileged in the humanitarian crisis. INGOs in these countries provide medical expertise and supplies. These NGOs help to build community resilience for the fundamental level to prevent disease outbreak and natural disaster.

INGOs develop health infrastructure for health unit for fighting chronic illness. The countries limited health infrastructure prevent citizen less accessible to medicine and treatment. The modular health facility by INGO prevents the further decline of the situation. The outbreak of Ebola had left many helpless. The legitimacy and effectiveness of INGO prove as a major support in crowdfunding and resource strength. INGOs have cumulative experience in program delivery for regional work which has given them vast experience of culture and differentiated experience to assist in a crisis. The nature of funding and operational structure of INGOs is formal. The accreditation process is different in all countries. The rigorous implantation of such accreditations increases the accountability of these organizations for quick measures and funding by global donors for contributions for help for the humanitarian crisis (WHO 2020). INGOs are accountable for fun usage and development activities.

The outbreak of Ebola has led to the collaboration of international capacity building for managing physical care and carrying out development work for crisis management. Ebola virus is a rare disease caused in human resulting in high fever known as Ebola Virus disease. (WHO 2020).The large scale outbreak of Ebola had led to an emergency with funds being dried up fast for protecting the citizen. INGOs work aggressively in the development and welfare of people. The aid from independent and private groups helps to diversify their delivery output intensity. INGOs are well supported by private donors, which helps them to build a humanitarian ecosystem to manage risk and achieve sustainable goals. The reach of INGOs in a traditional environment and world forums make them impact global political scenario, they together coordinate program and policy for an unprecedented situation. INGOs provide a large appeal towards relationship-building to act as quick responders. The drawn plan focuses on all scenarios and preparedness. Famine, drought, a flood is an early disaster that impacts livelihood this leads to fatality for the spread of chronic disease caused by contaminated water, malnutrition. The development of local maintenance for the basic essential facility is catered by the team.

Global inequality and migrants are alarmingly higher in Africa. These marginalized populations face severe risk, the fragmented part poses a challenge for INGOs to set up technological updation. Displaced communities impacted by terrorist group locked out INGOs support and withdraw functional support (UNESCO, 2020). INGOs have to work independently in such cases.

The dominance of NGOs has competed with organizations which are directly governed by the local government. To access for work INGOs require government support to carry their work in the area. Their technical knowledge distinguishes them from local government (Waldman 2020). The decline of the local system hinders INGO's work in case of state fragility. A new network with a focused approach makes INGOs adaptable and relevant. The diverse social-economic team helps to set up institutional network funding. The dependence on western countries for major donor response is widely seen. The reliance on external stakeholders as a donor causes developing a value chain network.

The INGOs have to constantly renew their program to add value to the humanitarian ecosystem. The role of INGOs will depend on their ability to ensure that they remain valuable in the humanitarian ecosystem. INGOs will have a key role in reinforcing the capacities of other actors, such as private sector actors, military actors, and local NGOs, who take time to build their capacity in transnational humanitarian programming and advocacy (World Humanitarian Forum 2020). The recurrent crisis which is caused by an epidemic or natural disaster leads to a breakdown in the control cycle. INGOs largely focus on stakeholder relationships for their growth and work. Mentoring and transferring skills help in preparedness as the ecological condition can lead to such an outbreak. INGOs closely work with other stakeholders for fostering the community for operations, skills, and policy advocacy as dealt at the time of Ebola. The compliance network is strong and focused on the groundwork that leads to disaster preparedness for Ebola. The structure of INGOs is developed in a decentralized function for such a humanitarian crisis.

Collaboration with local NGO s and the network determines the large pool of resources. The large global network paves the way for scaling operations and strong compliance. INGOs are restructuring as they expand their global network for key partnerships (World Humanitarian Forum 2020). The developmental work and common interest are build parallel. The synergy between society and INGOs is to be seen through the evaluative process for accountability. The governing board and disclosure norms are maintained separately INGOs but their services are shaped well. Oxfam, one of the largest INGOs put attention to hunger and poverty as key issues while dealing with the humanitarian crisis. Half of the population does not hold access to a health care facility (Oxfam 2020). Swift action by for famine crisis as a human network puts INGOs as a differentiated stakeholder to fight the humanitarian crisis. INGO work on the root cause of epidemic causes. Clean water access and nutritional diets but are not accessible in political downturn countries. Region-wide approach rather than country by country has led to massive reach to fight for life-saving humanitarian aid. The specific donor aid community is created for emergency livelihood development.

The synergy among civil bodies (government, business, and NGO) can be monitored if NGO numbers are not kept in check by the UN along with a revised or revamped application and evaluative process. INGOs relates to sustainable development, transparency. NGOs develop and support information systems for the benefit of the community affected. The affected nation has a large influx of refugees. The stringent environment is moving toward less polarization which helps INGO s to reach the effect people (Humanity and Inclusion 2020)

Committed funds, not just pledges are needed to meet the growing needs of people across Syria, and refugees and host communities. Syria also calls on donors to channelize funds through a variety of mechanisms including NGOs (national and international), and other global and host governments to ensure that the relief package is delivered effectively.

This crisis reminds donors and host governments that humanitarian aid must be based solely on collective principles. INGOs call on donors to ensure that funding is adhered to and driven by an independent assessment of need. Donor governments should not prioritize one group over another for a similar level of need.

 The role of INGO s is potential element of disaster management as they work closely for bridging the gap between the community and essential services. The linkage here shows a community base set up of NGOs. Donor organization uses its own regulation that strengthens the accountability of NGOs. The protective nature of work scale has led to economic development for natural disaster and climate change operations. Mental and physical health both are developed for building resilience from intensive natural disaster. Schools as an institution is impacted due to prolonged situation in the affected region (UNESCO 2019). The long gap creates a bridge in the knowledge and educational development of children. Set up makeshift classes are conducted for accessibility to relief camp is setup.

Early mapping of dangerous situations helps in solving and maintaining resources for monitoring the situation. Political upheaval in Syria has caused the displacement of millions of people and creating a worse situation for the Syrian situation leading to widespread population displacement (Mercy corps 2020) Many INGOs are forced to depart in a deteriorating situation with an attack on the rescue operation and humanitarian work. The violence led people to shift in camps with very little access to clean water and food. The refugee population is provided shelters and community establishment for refuges is ensured for people to adjust to shifting in living arrangements. Emergency fund mobilization for water accessibility and shelter development is set up by INGOs who are working in an adverse situation. Livelihood development is slow in Syria which shows INGOs and government magnitude of work has reached only to a percentage of refugees. The displacement of family space makes the situation hard for groundwork at the current situation (NPR 2020).

INGO work on cross border assistance and refugee have fled to nearby states. The direct work is carried discreetly for data collection and situation analysis to prevent any political tension. Data collection is considered as secondary to work on engagement of activities as per the situation analysis. Environmental sustainability is necessary to prevent geographic damage. All the primary activities are suspended in the area which leads to loss of income for the people. This sustainability will help in people empowerment in crisis. Weather-related crisis affects the primary source of income for people across the globe with large depend on agricultural activities for income (CARE 2020). The government registration procedure is lengthy and approval is dependent case to case for several INGOs. Religious buildings and community rooms are used as a shelter.

Bureaucratic hurdles and failed agreement affects the working capacity of INGOs. Parallels structure of work relates to the set up of work of action for local bodies by NGO for mobilizing of funds due to strained funding support (NPR 2020). The accountability of relief work and monitoring of work in the displaced populations makes the distribution of supply and monitoring difficult. Local donations are minimal hence the focus is created to develop large funding by global support. The close work with government organization have helped community development by INGOs on embarking fleet operations. Wide appeal by these organizations to end war and advocating closed action plan are more aggressive now. Several years of conflict caused human displacement and death toll rise. Social media groups and INGOs

Appeal leads to may states and citizens joining support to stop the war. INGO act as a relief group for providing primary education and protecting child right (WHF 2020).Children are the worst affected in a vulnerable situation. Proper training of women and students' education is essential to guide them for any parallel shock arising from the crisis. Self-protection and fostering a community for developing the growth of a stable environment. INGO helps to counsel children and educate them for primary wellbeing and physical abuse. The design of the rescue operation and relief plan is to protect children due to the acute physical and mental wellbeing affected by violence war and hunger (The new humanitarian 2020).The program is revamped for secondary education for building an education foundation. The approach is used with prime focus on protection. INGOs widen their resources through protection.

The workshop enables protection activities for local NGO s with enablement to lead the camp and carry the relief work. Peacekeeping from conflict protection is another collaborative way for functioning to upkeep the region with collaborative efforts all parties. Resolution to stop man-made causes will be detrimental in the efforts to curb violence, the steady process for rehabilitation of the infected people. The resources are drained and exhausted and new supply is affected in the worst affected areas. INGOs advocate the rights of the people to global organizations and government. Their campaign is widely accepted as they work from grass root level for relationship building with availability access across community. These communities built trust with local government and affected populations to assist them for mental and social wellbeing.

The inbuilt system set up takes alone time within the affected area after a disruption. Such war zones multiply the spread of disease and lead to massive population prone to infection. War zones and relief centers are at tussle for engaging work and setting up operations. The autocratic power hampers the operations to establish dominance in the region by massive killing and restrictions. Appeal by the government and world organization is not given importance in the political unrest area (WHO 2020).Local government support for the existence of INGO is required for all parties (The new humanitarian 2020).The yearly focus is required for adaptability in vulnerable times. Specific work for refugee protection by a partnership with host country authorities is vital. Government aid, local citizen model development assist the humanitarian team to engage in operational work. INGO takes place in key decision making for reform and policy discussion at the global level (HPN 2020).

Staff and organization training for relief work is carried with protection and shelter home initiatives. Syria crisis reflects a man-made crisis that potentially has spread to other countries. Barriers to care and poverty have led to a funding crunch for the host country. Timely forecast and information are not circulated well in African countries which are suffering from a humanitarian crisis. INGO s work is deep-rooted with infrastructure drawback. The local organization develops structural plans for the revival of economic and societal communities (UNICEF 2019). The approach for relief work is a short term approach and long term approach. Medical facility setup in the short term approach with vaccine and societal development is the long-term approach. Appropriate care and foreign team help to strengthen the health care system.

International aid for disaster prevention creates a valuable source for urban community. Isolation of the poor provides hindrance to sustainable development. Regional and local area are created for providing a skill for agricultural setup. Refugees camp developed are provide care facilities and the NGO set up these initiatives at wide scale. The systematic problem are region bound with local rebels and populations displaced due to the magnitude of the geographic and crisis shock. Sustainable plans developed by world forums promote equality in treatment and creation of transparency in the building the capacity ad set up for a long-standing research team. These teams are deployed to the eased situation and help to give input for improvement of the situation in the affected region. Potentially crisis areas are built-in lines to combat the unforeseen infrastructure. INGOs take all geographical situation to assess them and research through the previous study to decrease their input.

INGOs are at the front end to combat the humanitarian crises. INGO s work to provide food shelter, education and protection as a measure for combating the crisis. Awareness initiatives among women and children s and providing medical assistance INGO help is assisting the vulnerable population. INGO function by improving funding through global reach. Their role is critical as they built a combative and collaborative environment with infrastructural development which shows INGOs impact in humanitarian crises across the globe.

Reference List for Sustainable Development Goals

Available at https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/02/25/809273845/u-n-humanitarian-crisis-in-syria-reaches-horrifying-new-level. Accessed on April 30, 2020]

Available at: https://www.wvi.org/disaster-management/what-humanitarian-disaster

Human Rights Watch.2019. Country chapters. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2019/country-chapters/somalia. Accessed on: [April 29, 2020]

Humanity and inclusion.2020.Fund Syria now or before it’s too late. [Online].

Mercy crops .2020. [Online]. The facts that you need to know about the Syria crisis. Available at: https://www.mercycorps.org/blog/quick-facts-syria-crisis. Accessed at [April 30, 2020]

NPR. 2020. U.N Humanitarian crisis in Syria reaches a horrifying new level. [Online]. Available at https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/02/25/809273845/u-n-humanitarian-crisis-in-syria-reaches-horrifying-new-level. Accessed at [April 30, 2020]

Oxfam.2020. Extreme inequality at essential services. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.oxfam.org/en/what-we-do/issues/extreme-inequality-and-essential-services. Accessed on [April 29, 2020]

The New humanitarian .2020. [Online]. Aid policy trend to watch in 2020.Available at https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/feature/2020/1/2/Humanitarian-aid-policy-reform. [Accessed on April 30, 2020]

UNDP.2017. Sustainable development goal. [Online]. Retrieved from. https://en.unesco.org/news/historic-visit-director-general-unesco-somalia-support-human-dimension-reconstruction-through. Accessed on: [April 29, 2020]

WHO.2020. Factsheet. [Online]. Retrieve from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ebola-virus-disease. Accessed on [April 29, 2020]

World Humanitarian Forum.2020. Forum to focus on sustainable development goals, moving from aid to trade. [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.whf.london/press-releases. Accessed on [April 29, 2020]

Worldvision.2020.Disastermanagement. [Online].Available at:https://www.wvi.org/disaster-management/video/disaster-management-2020.

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