• Subject Name : Nursing

Issues and Challenges for Urban Development in Indian Cities Post Pandemic: A Case of Jaipur

Table of Contents


Problem identification and basic principle.


Results and Discussions.



Introduction to Prophylactic Role of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine

Jaipur has been significantly impacted by the pandemic and has endured a significant tragic loss of lives and wealth. Therefore, the diverse environmental challenges confronting towns, which have enhanced the exposure to the pandemic and encouraged its dissemination, must be recognized. On 2 March 2020, in Jaipur, the very first outbreak of the COVID-19 disease outbreak in the Indian state of Rajasthan was registered (Navinya, Patidar & Phuleria, 2020). A total of 29,835 incidents, including 563 fatalities and 21866 recoveries, were reported by the Rajasthan Health Department as of 20 July 2020. All regions in the state have registered verified incidents, the worst-affected being Jaipur. Consequently, one of the first cities to enforce the shutdown was Jaipur. The present study aims to identify, and study challenges associated with urban development in Indian cities post-pandemic and hence proposing mitigative measures for the same (Navinya, Patidar & Phuleria, 2020).

Problem Identification and Basic Principle

The influence of the shutdown on the economy of the state is likely to far exceed the public health situation of the state, and its consequences are likely to last for many months as declining state revenues would push the government to slash the budget required to revive a dying economy (Shah et al., 2020). State policymakers are also having a second glance at the bills for the coming financial year, which proposed a slight yet substantial expenditure boost. Any agencies will have to cut their budget by as much as 25%. The problems in Rajasthan offer a snapshot of what the other cities face as well. New cases of coronavirus begin to increase and the lockdown that started on the night of March 24 is prolonged to May 3. It also illustrates the need for state and local governments, whose budgets have weakened for different causes, to provide economic relief (Shah et al., 2020).

The way of life and the country, regional, and global transport networks have been suddenly compromised by the Covid-19 pandemic. Data indicates that 90 percent of mass transit passenger numbers levels are reducing dramatically. All sorts of transport have come to a stop because of the lockout and migrant workers have to stick to walking back as the last stick in some areas of India to get home. The government of Rajasthan has been swift to follow a two-pronged strategy. There is a significant inter-regional and territorial migrant community in Rajasthan. An ongoing mass migration of foreign workers from cities to rural areas was the product of the Covid-19 pandemic and the resulting lockout (Ali & Alharbi, 2020).

The government organized inter-state vehicles to shuttle workers returning to their home states to cope with this issue. A Corona War Room Helpline has also been launched by the government. The 'Shramik Special Bus' runs and ensures that the stuck staff are equipped with the best available support. The government adheres to its pledge of initiatives' #KoiBhookhaNaSoye 'and' #NotoFootMovement ' (Paital, Das, & Parida, 2020). The government issued two months of social security pensions to all 78 lakh applicants in order to offer inclusive financial security to everyone in the middle of these tough times. In addition, a one-time relief sum of Rs 1,000 was provided to 36.51 lakh BPL, state BPL, and Antyodaya program recipients, along with 25 lakh building workers and licensed shop owners who are not currently protected underneath the social security pension plan. The district collectors listed the families who are in need as well as 30 lakh persons were provided with cash (Paital, Das, & Parida, 2020).

In the system, all those that do not have a bank account and come under the BPL are protected. In addition, the Palanhar Yojana helps about 5 lakh students. Rajasthan is the very first state to provide all households of government staff, including frontline health personnel, with medical insurance cover of Rs 50 lakh (Kumar, 2020). Free medications are often given by the government to those over 60 and others suffering from some chronic diseases. In order to control the pandemic at the local level, the Rajasthan government has provided Rs 60 crore (roughly Rs 50,000 per Panchayati Raj Institution). The need now would be to make mitigation techniques more effective and thereby improve the capacity of rural and regional healthcare services (Kumar, 2020).


The present study uses the case study methodology. Secondary sources such as news articles, media sources, and reports have been utilized in order to conduct the present case study. The current method of case study is a form of qualitative analysis and entails a thorough and systematic observation of a Jaipur and how it affected the city by COVID-19. It is a technique of exploration in depth rather than breadth. The full analysis of a narrow number of incidents or circumstances and their interrelationships is given much importance in the present case study (Atchan, Davis & Foureur, 2016). The case study deals with the procedures and their interconnections taking place. Consequently, a case study is effectively used as an intense research of the specific unit under consideration. The aim of the method of case study is to identify the variables that contribute as an embedded totality for the attitudes and behaviors of the given unit.

Results and Discussions on Prophylactic Role of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine

It can therefore be said that The COvID-19 pandemic has adversely affected the city of Jaipur economically. This however is not just limited to Jaipur. Delhi, Bhubaneshwar, Hyderabad, Kolkata are some other cities that have had an extreme number of COVID 19 cases similar to Jaipur or even worse in the case of Delhi. These cities have also faced a sharp economic crisis with a number of individuals losing their jobs and the prices of basic necessities increasing dramatically. The transportation issue, specifically the provision of transportation has been a huge difficulty in the case of Kolkata, Delhi, and Hyderabad (Ali & Alharbi, 2020). It may therefore be said that the Jaipur government has handled the issue of transportation and arrangement of necessities and proper conveyance for the migrant workers much more effectively and efficiently than most other states. The effort of the government in order to cope with the financial issues post lockdown has also been fruitful to an extent. However, much more need to be done in order to tackle the COVID-19 crisis and it's effects and adapt to the situation by the Jaipur government as well as the government authorities of other states and cities.

Conclusions on Prophylactic Role of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine

It may therefore be concluded that with further efforts, vigilance, and perseverance Jaipur as well as other cities affected by the pandemic can overcome the present adverse situation. The authorities of the cities may take similar steps as the Government authorities of Jaipur. Jaipur and other cities may consider the following recommendations to overcome the present situation a little more effectively:

  • The public schools and colleges while they are shut down due to the pandemic may be used to house the homeless and they may be supplied with COVID-19 essentials to limit the spread of COVID-19. This has already been done in some parts of Kolkata after the cyclone, Amphan (Poddar, Mondal, & Ghosh, 2020).
  • Regular COVID-19 tests must be conducted for free. The government must allocate more budget for testing.
  • The people need to be educated better through broadcasts and television exactly what COVID-19 is, how it spreads, and how it may affect different individuals.
  • The transportation industry needs a massive change in terms of infrastructure that permits social distancing.

References for Prophylactic Role of Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine

Ali, I., & Alharbi, O. M. (2020). COVID-19: Disease, management, treatment, and social impact. Science of the Total Environment, 138861.

Atchan, M., Davis, D., & Foureur, M. (2016). A methodological review of qualitative case study methodology in midwifery research. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(10), 2259-2271.

Kumar, A. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 and what needs to be done. Economic and Political Weekly, 55(14), 10-12.

Navinya, C., Patidar, G., & Phuleria, H. C. (2020). Examining effects of the COVID-19 national lockdown on ambient air quality across urban India. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 20.

Paital, B., Das, K., & Parida, S. K. (2020). Inter nation social lockdown versus medical care against COVID-19, a mild environmental insight with special reference to India. Science of The Total Environment, 138914.

Poddar, S., Mondal, M., & Ghosh, S. (2020). A Survey on Disaster: Understanding the After-effects of Super-cyclone Amphan and Helping Hand of Social Media. arXiv preprint arXiv:2007.14910.

Shah, S., Das, S., Jain, A., Misra, D. P., & Negi, V. S. (2020). A systematic review of the prophylactic role of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine in coronavirus disease‐19 (COVID‐19). International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 23(5), 613-619.

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