• Subject Name : Logistics

Challenges and Opportunities for Carrying Agricultural Products in A Non-Refrigerated Container

A huge range of agriculture-based commodities are transported in non-freezed vessels, the vessels selected usually have good air passage systems or are normally dry containers. Few examples of such products are tea, coffee, dry fruits (Chang et al. 2015). Important attention should always be given to the selection of the vessels that would be used for baggage as well as travel. Moreover, the packing and the packaging materials are suitable both for travelling and luggage. 

Most of the agricultural commodities have a significant level of internal dampness. They are known as water-absorbing shipments. Also, these are known to be in balance with the presence of vacuum in these vessels. They are also considered to release and even soak-up the level of dampness of the agricultural commodities. Moreover, the level of water present in these vessels to be used for shipment is bigger than the one that is used for the synthetic commodities. Furthermore, the transfer of a relatively less amount of the gross humidity available can lead to significant compression issues. Additionally, the temperature range of the moisture absorbing shipment tends to transform at a relatively lesser pace (Defraeye et al. 2015). Hence, the advantage here is that the concerned loading will adapt itself to the transforming environmental temperature at a very less pace in comparison to that of the partition of the vessels as well as the vacuum, this is applicable when a shipment is made over regions having different types of climate. Such reduction can lead to an important gap in the climate inside the vessel. This type of a condition serves to be an important opportunity for the transfer of moisture as well as compression. 

Also, there are ventilated vessels that consist of a submissive airway node, unlocked vessels as well as manually air-free vessels. Only the transporter of coffee and cocoa products makes use of these vessels. This is not considered to be a typical process for sales. A drying agent can even be used while executing the shipment of moisture absorbing products in air-tight vessels. In this way compression can be avoided only if the related dampness in the vessel is kept on the lower side and it is mostly lower than the environmental climate. A simple prevention for shipments that is responsive to damages in relation to compression is to make use of appropriate baggage to isolate the shipment from the fence and ground of the vessel. This will not stop the building of moistures but it will minimize its influence on the business. 

Another drawback here is that there are multiple food products that have the potential to engross caustic substances as well as external smells from the vacuum. Due to this huge impact is created on the flavour of these food items that creates a considerable influence on its quality of business, also in a situation when the chemicals are not even used. For example, when the beans of coffee are transported, they are specifically prone to bad smell(Mukama,2015). The product is shipped at its best quality, but it has the potential to deteriorate in its various levels, hence creating a negative influence on its business. 

Background of Opportunities for Carrying Agricultural Products

It was in the year 1963 wherein only wired caskets were used for the purpose of a brief shipment of refrigerated dairy items. Also, the casket has been lined up with synthetic resins. This increases a significant level of income of an average-size dairy plant. 

Gradually, there was a growth of norms and perspectives of the engineers in terms of multi-dimensional, multi-mode, conveyable vessels to be used for transportation. The norms are developed in a way such that it is appropriate for both freezed and unfreezed commodities. Moreover, if such apparatus are implemented it will enhance the prospects for the decrease in the cost of carriages as well as an enhancement in the potential of the transportation process. Also, the building of packing techniques that will pave way for one-fifth higher weight for the carriage of water melon. Moreover, even an overturned carriage technique was introduced to pack a casket of peach that causes the products to have a highly heavy packing and it also works towards minimizing the damage of the vessels by half (Soe et al.2016). In this context, even a guide book was created for the use of the drivers of the truck that includes information regarding the appropriate climate as well as dryness needs for the transportation of the agricultural products. 

Further initiatives were taken to develop a principle that required the upper side of the agricultural products such as carrots to be chopped and also the enclosed leaves of the cauliflower. This has significantly minimized the cost of transporting them as well as the cost of freezing them. Also, several wall paper packages were created for the purpose of transporting the packed carrot in lieu of modern stalks of woods. This in turn minimized the expenses by $100 for a single loading. 

Additionally, after an integration with the cherry sector in Washington, 20 pounds container was manufactured for cherry. This was created to make a replacement for a 15 pound two-times fenced packed vessel to carry cherry. 

If there are any sort of increment in the cost of freights, it can even lead to a considerable problem for the agriculture-based sector. It will also pose a major problem to the economy of the country in consideration. This exploration has paved the way for the introduction of techniques of packing as well as adopting. This in turn has minimized the chance of any kind of damage to the concerned vessels as well as to the commodity that has been loaded (Jaiswal et al. 2015). For example, there are several railway lines that only allow the packing of heavy products paying heed to such kind of damages and also minimized the charges in relation to it. 

The process of transporting agricultural commodities in non-freezed vessels needs a very deep level of management between the airport employees of the source country and the destination country. This is done with an attempt to safeguard the products in case the flight reaches late to the destination country. Furthermore, steps should be taken to implement climate regulation instruments in airports to manage the standard of these productions. 

References for Opportunities for Carrying Agricultural Products

Chang, C., Bonney, L., Griffith, G. and Maino, G., 2015. Assessing the potential for expanding vegetable production in Central Province, Papua New Guinea. Australian Agribusiness Perspectives, 103, pp.1-18. Retrieved from https://agrifood.info/perspectives/2015/Chang_et_al.pdf

Defraeye, T., Verboven, P., Opara, U.L., Nicolai, B. and Cronjé, P., 2015. Feasibility of ambient loading of citrus fruit into refrigerated containers for cooling during marine transport. Biosystems Engineering, 134, pp.20-30. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1537511015000549

Mukama, M., 2015. Resistance to airflow, cooling characteristics and quality of pomegranate fruit inside ventilated packaging (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University). Retrieved from http://scholar.sun.ac.za/handle/10019.1/102003

Jaiswal, R.K., Pathak, G.M. and Mandal, T., 2015. Texture profile analysis of chicken meat biscuits at ambient temperature in aerobic packaging. Vet. Pract, 16(1), pp.125-126. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Meena_Goswami2/publication/324261954_Texture_profile_analysis_of_chicken_meat_biscuits_at_ambient_temperature_in_aerobic_packaging/links/5af52e0ea6fdcc0c030b0518/Texture-profile-analysis-of-chicken-meat-biscuits-at-ambient-temperature-in-aerobic-packaging.pdf

Soe, T.T., Hnin, T.D., Soe, Y.Y., Htwe, N.N., Myint, K.T.D. and Win, T.O., 2016. Study on Postharvest Handling Practices of Cabbage and Cauliflower in Selected Areas of Myanmar. Paper Collection of Unknown Contemporary Issues for Sustainable Environmental and Rural Development in Myanmar: Highlighting Collaboration with Bangladesh, Bhutan and Japan, p.91. Retrieved from https://pas.cseas.kyoto-u.ac.jp/data2/POAS_series/No.9.pdf#page=93

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