Database Concepts

Question 1. The Relational Model

The entity types and their associated attributes are,

  • Branch: branch-No (unique), address (composite: street-number, city, postcode).
  • Employee: employee-ID (unique), employee-name.
  • Customer: customer-ID (unique), customer-name.
  • Account: account-number (unique), balance.
    • Give all likely FDs. Do not include trivial or redundant FDs.

Customer-ID à Customer-name, Account-number,

Branch-No à address, employee-ID, customer-ID

Employee-ID àemployee-name, branch-No

Account-number àbalance, branch-No, customer-ID

  • Give {customer-ID}+ based on the FDs

Customer-ID àbalance, branch-No

Customer-ID àaddress, employee-ID

  • Give relations to keep data for the entity types and their relationships as described for the ABC bank. Specify the primary key (underline) and any foreign key.

Branch(branch-No, street-number, city, postcode).

Employee(employee-ID, employee-name, branch-No*)

Customer(customer-ID, customer-name, account-number*, branch-No*)

Account(account-number, balance, branch-No* , customer-ID*)

Question 2. Normalisation

Consider the following relation schema about project meetings:

PMG(projID, title, type, manager, jobID, start-date, end-date, contractor, contractNo)

FDs based on business rules are:

  • projID à title, type, manager
  • manager à type
  • jobID à projID, start-date, end-date, contractor
  • projID, title, jobID à contractNo
  • contractNo à jobID, contractor, start-date, end-date
  • jobID à contractNo

2.1. The given FDs have redundancies. Give the minimal basis for the given FDs.

  • projID à title, type, manager
  • manager à type
  • jobID à projID, start-date, end-date, contractorNo


  • Non-prime attributes are not functionally dependent on the super key.
  • No transitive functional dependency of non-prime attributes on any super key is not allowed.
  • It virtually doesn’t eliminate all the redundancies.
  • The relation doesn’t ensure referential integrity.


Project(projID, title, type, manager-ID*)

Manager(Manager-ID , manager-name, project-ID*)

Job(jobID, start-date, end-date, Contract-No*,project-ID*)

Contract(contractNo, contractor, job-ID*)

Question 3. ER to Relational Schema Mapping

Staff(empNo , givename, surname)

openSession(sessionNo , opendate, opentime)

property(propertyNo , streetnumber, street, suburb, postcode, sessionNo*)

owner(ownerNo, address, phoneNo, ABN, entityname, ownerType, propertyNo*)

client(CustNo, givename, surname, phoneno, crediting)

Lease(leaseNo, startdate, enddate, custNo*, PropertyNo*)

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