Addiction is said to be a type of brain disorder in which an individual is defined by his/her compulsive behavior in which their actions have serious consequences. Addiction can be of different types, of which Drug Addiction is the most harmful and can also lead to the death of an individual. Drug addiction is often described as a character syndrome, which can also be seen as an international endemic, which has severe effects on individuals worldwide. Drug consumption differs from country to country (Saah, 2005). Drug addiction can further be said to a compulsive disorder in which drug-seeking and consumption is on an increased level, despite serious consequences (Cami, & Farre, 2003). The American Psychiatric Association (2000) states that the term substance dependence must meet at least three of the criteria out of the seven criteria, which are, Craving, Physical dependence, Priming, Relapse, Sensitization, Substance abuse, Substance dependence and lastly, Withdrawal Syndrome. Drugs can become a craving for its consumers, which is difficult to let go.
The Department of Health (2017) has stated that the illicit use of drugs in Australian communities affects all individuals, which include health impacts, mental and poisoning problems, violence, trauma, crimes, as well as law enforcement issues.
The purpose of this essay is to provide a detailed analysis on drug addiction and its various causes and problems as well as the situation that leads to drug addiction. For this reason, the paper will provide an analysis on drug addiction, the situations which lead to the consumption of drugs, its problems, causes, as well as the solutions to drug addiction, followed by a conclusion.
According to the report by Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in 2018, in relation to the excessive use of drugs and sickness and grievance in Australia, illicit use of drugs contributed to approximately 2.3% of the entire problem of disease as well as wound in 2011 (AIHW, 2018). This further comprised of the use of opioids, cannabis, cocaine, injecting drugs and various extra types of drugs. Among this, one third, that is, 33% of the issues were from accidental poisoning, along with 31% of the issues are generated due to drug dependence (AIHW, 2018).
Further, the report by Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in 2016, the cerebral and material use impacts in 2011, were accountable for 12% of the entire issues related to health, which made it the third highest and troublesome cluster of illnesses, along with musculoskeletal conditions, at 12%; cancer, at 19%; and heart diseases at 15% respectively. The mental health issues were the most significant factors behind non-fatal burden, which accounted for almost 24% of the people suffering from the problems in all their living years. At the age of 44, mental and substance use disorders were the chief reasons of late infancy, puberty, as well as maturity. The individuals lost most of their life due to the disorders generated as a result of drug addiction (AIHW, 2016).
Additionally, the report by ABS (2017), in 2016, there were more than 1808 drug-related deaths, which was equal to 1.1% of the total deaths and was considered as the highest recorded death in the past 20 years.
Between 1999 and 2016, the number of death related to drug addiction increased rapidly, almost four times, which increased from 0.4 to 1.6 deaths per 10,000 people.
According to the NDSHS 2016, 43% of the individuals, that is 8.5 million people, aged 14 and above in Australia, made excessive use of drug at some point in their lives, which included various types of drugs, such as cannabis, cocaine, meth, hallucinogens, heroin, ketamine and many more (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2018).
Further, a statement by the AIHW (2017), stated that over 1 million people, that is, 4.8% people aged 14 and above, had made use of pharmacological medicines for non-medical purposes between 2017 and 2017, which included opioids, at 3.6% as well as sleeping pills, at 1.6%. In addition, majority of the people who consumed sleeping pills stated that they misused an ‘over-the-counter’ codeine product, which was at 75%. This was followed by codeine prescribed medicines at 40%.
There are various causes which lead to drug addiction such as their vulnerability, family problems, psychological factors, as well as social issues. These factors make the usage of drug for an individual very significant, even when its results may hamper their future and have severe consequences. These factors have been explained in details below:
There are different problems, which are related to drug addiction and consumption, which have adverse effects on the life of the individual. These are:
Drug addiction is a huge problem in today’s world and proper solutions must be introduced to overcome illegal use of drugs. The various solutions are:
There are various steps which have been taken by the Government of Australia to keep drug addiction in check and take steps according to the results. They are:
The three solutions, which can be considered as advantageous, are:
The disadvantage is that the government intervention is not significant and it needs to be increased, as people are still consuming drugs at an alarming rate and it is affecting their health, which indirectly affects the Government.
The aim of this paper was to provide a detailed analysis on drug addiction in Australia and the ways to overcome it. For this reason, this paper has provided a detailed essay on the drug addiction, its causes, problems as well as the solutions to it. Thus, it can be said that drug addiction is a negative aspect in an individual’s life, which can have severe consequences.
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