• Subject Name : Nursing

Community Development

Introduction to Community Development 

The teenagers and the youths are at the greatest risk of getting prone to the most initial development of adulthood mental health problems. It has been determined that about three-fourth of individuals in their adulthood who have been diagnosed with mental health issues showed their first signs at the age of 24 (Bond et al., 2016). The symptoms that occur at this point of time generates a great intensity of permanent disability. Also, these symptoms have the potential to escalate with the passage of time and advance the level of difficulties that those individuals will have throughout their life. Such individuals could end up failing in their schools and will be prone to unsecured job opportunities as well as lack of social activities in their life (Semrau et al., 2015) Moreover, there is even a powerful proof available that some simple mental illness problems that first arises in the teenage phase of a person’s life has a greater prospects for staying into the adult phase of that particular individual if it is not administered instantly as well as accommodated, mostly in the case of those young adults who are female. 

Research Question

What are the conditions that add up to the mental well-being problems among the youths within the age group of 15-25?

Background of Community Development

Mental health issues have been determined at an increasing rate among adolescents as well as the youths and social networking sites are considered to be the greatest reason for such an increment (Marshall et al., 2016). As per the latest investigation conducted by the American Psychological Association, the percentage of emotional turmoil as well as self-killing consequences has risen considerably since the past ten years in the age group of 15-25 years, creating impact on the women population and those who are richer specifically (Insel, 2018). Also, it has been determined that the kind of culture prevailing in the past decade has resulted in creating a much greater influence in the emotional disbalances as well as self-killing consequences in the youths in comparison with those of the older adults. 

The young adults these days mostly rely on virtual communication due the circumstantial increase in the social media applications. Moreover, it has been determined that those individuals who apply social media applications very often have a greater chance of being prone to cyber abuse (Naslund et al., 2015). This in turn has been connected to heaviness of heart, self-abuse as well as self-killing intentions. Also, it has been determined that such a rise in these emotional turmoils created its way in the year 2011 with a rise in the possession of mobile phones along with a complementary rise in the digitalized platforms in the concerned group of individuals (Naslund et al., 2017). Furthermore, lack of sleep in the young adults could be one more possible cause of mental illness among them (Frasquilho et al., 2015). 

Key Literature of Community Development

A huge range of literature assembled from the United States and in terms of other Western regions has taken an initiative to analyze the interaction among the society-based, economy-based as well as cognitive-based consequences during the shift of individuals in the adult phase of their life (Mandelli et al., 2015). The majority of the researchers accept the fact that the society-based regulations as well as organizations have a considerable responsibility in the process of age classification. However, the reason can also be that there is a significant variation in the objectives of the young generation of individuals while in the course of shifting to the adult phase of their life. The study on the connection in between the social, economical and cognitive consequences in the course of shifting to adulthood has often concentrated on these variations and it is influenced by the attributes of a person as well as society-based or even economy- oriented difficulties (Yesufu et al., 2015). For example, the concerned researchers have investigated the way in which an individual’s organization, aims as well as more cognitive conditions has created an impact on their objectives in terms of their transition from being a teenager to being an adult. Contrarily, the way in which an individual manages during the phase in their life when they are moving from their teenage life to their adulthood life with stress drivers such as deadlines, prioritizing or even their inability to achieve their social and economical goals may create an impact on their cognitive consequences (Aburn et al., 2016). Finally, the literature even demonstrates the significance of periodic impacts or even the way in which it creates an influence on the prospects as well as organizations that creates an impact on the routes over the shift to the adulthood phase of an individual’s life. 

Conclusion on Community Development

Through this literature review it can be concluded that the changing social as well as cultural trends is the main reason of mental illness in the life of young adults. Also, it has been determined that the young adults are greatly dependent on their smartphones and other digitized platforms to communicate with others, which in turn is isolating them from the world around them, leading to mental illness. 

Referencing for Community Development

Bond, G. R., Drake, R. E., & Campbell, K. (2016). Effectiveness of individual placement and support supported employment for young adults. Early intervention in psychiatry, 10(4), 300-307. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/eip.12175 

Insel, T. R. (2018). Digital phenotyping: a global tool for psychiatry. World Psychiatry, 17(3), 276. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127813/ 

Naslund, J. A., Marsch, L. A., McHugo, G. J., & Bartels, S. J. (2015). Emerging mHealth and eHealth interventions for serious mental illness: a review of the literature. Journal of mental health, 24(5), 321-332. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/09638237.2015.1019054?casa_token=5I3X7lqJPw0AAAAA%3Ax7c6kamExH7yRg7wj1t64N_cdy19ZiOTpmeM8jjScpgjhPEs0aioAvzh3ydvtLImsovVk1SXDwJIHQ 

Mandelli, L., Petrelli, C., &Serretti, A. (2015). The role of specific early trauma in adult depression: a meta-analysis of published literature. Childhood trauma and adult depression. European psychiatry, 30(6), 665-680. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0924933815000942 

Yesufu-Udechuku, A., Harrison, B., Mayo-Wilson, E., Young, N., Woodhams, P., Shiers, D., ... & Kendall, T. (2015). Interventions to improve the experience of caring for people with severe mental illness: systematic review and meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 206(4), 268-274. Retrieved from https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/the-british-journal-of-psychiatry/article/interventions-to-improve-the-experience-of-caring-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis/95BEF17E32C066256A17D70DA0EB8EBC 

Aburn, G., Gott, M., & Hoare, K. (2016). What is resilience? An integrative review of the empirical literature. Journal of advanced nursing, 72(5), 980-1000. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jan.12888 

Marshall, E., Claes, L., Bouman, W. P., Witcomb, G. L., &Arcelus, J. (2016). Non-suicidal self-injury and suicidality in trans people: a systematic review of the literature. International review of psychiatry, 28(1), 58-69. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/09540261.2015.1073143 

Naslund, J. A., Aschbrenner, K. A., Araya, R., Marsch, L. A., Unützer, J., Patel, V., & Bartels, S. J. (2017). Digital technology for treating and preventing mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries: a narrative review of the literature. The Lancet Psychiatry, 4(6), 486-500. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2215036617300962 

Semrau, M., Evans-Lacko, S., Koschorke, M., Ashenafi, L., & Thornicroft, G. (2015). Stigma and discrimination related to mental illness in low-and middle-income countries. Epidemiology and psychiatric sciences, 24(5), 382-394. Retrieved from https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/epidemiology-and-psychiatric-sciences/article/stigma-and-discrimination-related-to-mental-illness-in-low-and-middleincome-countries/09AC579C90C7E8B2C2554411C5B929C7 

Frasquilho, D., Matos, M. G., Salonna, F., Guerreiro, D., Storti, C. C., Gaspar, T., & Caldas-de-Almeida, J. M. (2015). Mental health outcomes in times of economic recession: a systematic literature review. BMC public health, 16(1), 1-40. Retrieved from https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-016-2720-y 

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