• Subject Name : Nursing

Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Impaired cognition and memory loss are related with vitamin B12 deficiency and minimum exposure of this dietary supplement affects badly on mental health. It is reported that vitamin B12 deficiency is directly related with memory loss for aged people and capacity of thinking skill is also reduced in a potential manner. Brain shrinkage and weakness in nerves is a negative outcome of vitamin B12 deficiency that ensures Alzheimer’s disease with high potency. Elevated methylmalonic acid and serum homocysteine levels are biological markers for vitamin B12 to organise fatal stroke for sending patients under proper therapeutic measures.

Recession of Cerebrospinal fluid is another inaccurate outcome of vitamin B12 deficiency by which an individual patient suffers from brain problems. Study accomplished by Jatoi et al. (2020) suggests that old people are suffered more by mental problems because of brain shrinkage. Poor myelination is responsible to block different sites of vitamin B12 generation that in turn inhibits cell division. Percentage of haemoglobin within human body is also minimised for vitamin B12 with long-term causation of memory loss. Dementia generally occurs for people more than 60 years age and such neurological dilemma is vulnerable to manage body strengths as well as stability.

Vitamin B12 deficiency is related to several neurologic manifestation whose prevalence is near about 24% between age group of 30 and 70. Inadequate consumption of animal-sourced food is responsible for dementia and creativity of an individual is reducing in a potential manner. Supplementation of dairy, eggs, salmon fish and cord liver oil are essential to evoke vitamin B12 level within patient’s body. Mostly vegetarian are suggested to consume foods with high amount of protein not to suffer from this disease. Jatoi et al. (2020) reveals that dementia is a borderline disease of vitamin B12 deficiency for poor socioeconomic status.

French study has showed that more than 2% dementia patients are accounted within this disease for inadequate dietary intake. Proton pump inhibitors and H2 receptor-blocking drugsinterfere on vitamin B12 release and this medicinal therapy is alternative for food sources. From the research Jatoi et al. (2020), it can be analysed that serum vitamin B12 level and MIC are correlated with each other. Improvement of memory, language, thinking and judgement enhance by providing proper nutrients for patients. On a cognitive perspective, vitamin B12 deficiency affects muscle strengths and pressure injury is another vulnerable outcome. Proper education is needed among community living in underdeveloped and developing countries for improving vitamin B12 level within body.

Cross sectional and multicentred project conducted by Jatoi et al. (2020) proposes suitable methods to identify cause and effects of vitamin B12 deficiency for older adults. Due to variety of vague neurological manifestation, detection of proper results becomes difficult. As a result, determination of dementia patient because of vitamin B12 deficiency is quite difficult and declination of research authentication occurs under proper medical consent. Researchers have accomplished Backward digit span test, Mini-metal state examination for imaging brain condition of dementia patient. Throughout blood sample monitoring is a suitable perspective to understand negative effect of vitamin B12 deficiency for older patients suffered from dementia.

Green fruits and vegetables are essential for patients suffering from dementia and low thinking capacity and spinach is a suggested supplement for increasing vitamin B12 level within body. From the study accomplished by Jatoi et al. (2020), it is interpreted that gradual memory declination for older adults are related to poor food condition. Dementia is a neurological deficiency that is also responsible for cardiovascular inaccuracy as well as metabolic derangement is another negative effect.Liver disease, kidney disease affects harshly on immunity system of body and these symptoms are really vulnerable for an individual patient.

Low vitamin B12 level is directly related with cognitive impairment that is a fatal outcome to decline memory of an individual according to age and ethnicity. Elderly people are affected majorly by vitamin B12 deficiency and confirmation and refinement of prevention is associated with nutritional supplements. Caregiving and proper communication with patients are necessary to reduce tendency of dementia among people. Cognitive declination is irreversible but more power can be given by medical professionals. Eat protein, do not be vegan, generate immunity, create, communicate and flourish life without stress.

References for Dementia and Mental Health

Jatoi, S., Hafeez, A., Riaz, S. U., Ali, A., Ghauri, M. I., & Zehra, M. (2020). Low Vitamin B12 Levels: An Underestimated Cause Of Minimal Cognitive Impairment And Dementia. Cureus12(2). Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7077099/

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