The #MeeToo movement was started in early 2006. The movement took rise and reframed the belief of justice. With the #MeeToo movement individuals from every gender stepped forward and confessed the mishappening they dealt with. Sexual assault, sexual harassment leading to rape cases are at peak and every corner of the globe is impacted by such heinous crime. Such criminal activities must be highlighted and showcased to the audience and government for justice and suitable legal action. Media plays a vital role in spreading awareness, bringing out the truth and involving the attention of the judicial administration. Though, some political actors hide their criminal activities behind the realm of power and wealth, media could be the most powerful tool used to unleash the truth and hail justice.
Media Coverage and Government’s Involvement
Impact of Media and the indulgence of Political Actors with Criminal Evidence.
Various Media platforms with their mode of action.
The #MeToo Movement started in early 2006 to raise awareness against sexual harassment and sexual abuse (Hillstrom, 2018). This notion was started by Tarana Burke who is a social activist and is recognised worldwide for her impeccable deeds for the society, especially about sexual abuse. In India, nearly 100-110 girls fall prey to sexual harassment and sexual abuse every day (Bhattacharyya, 2018). The National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) states that approximately 22,000 child rape cases were reported in the year 2018. Every day followed by every year the numerical value is increasing imposing a question on the society and the judicial system for fair and just legal actions. Majority of the cases are not even reported in the fear of insult and embarrassment. One such horrifying and the terrible incidence is that of a Delhi based girl Jyoti Singh Pandey.
Briefly stating, Nirbhaya rape case was one of the most horrifying the trembling crimes ever committed. The victim was raped by a total of six men in a moving bus and then was thrown naked out of the moving vehicle. She was returning home with her male friend at 9:30 PM after watching a movie. The bus only had six men which included that bus. They started to make obscene comments on the girl and the man’s relationship. Jyoti’s friend did oppose them but was hit by an iron rod and pushed out of the bus. Jyoti was tortured and raped multiple times by multiple people who scared her internal as well as external body. Nirbhaya was seen battling for her life in Delhi’s Safdurjung Hospital. During this time, a live telecasting of every update of Nirbhaya was taken into consideration. She underwent multiple surgeries and was then airlifted to Singapore for further treatment. Such an incidence shook the country and alarmed the audience. Everybody was aware of the Nirbhaya case because of its huge widespread amongst the population. Mass media like television, newspapers, radio and internet was flooded with the case and the plea for justice. Multiple protests and candle marches were organised for the sake of justice. The audience wanted justice in the case and therefore, questioned the government of India for their actions. The case highlights the issue of women’s safety in the country and across the globe. This was an alarm for the judicial and legal body of the country to wake up and take some serious action against such heinous crime. Unfortunately, the number of gang rapes, threats, and sexual harassment has been on the peak (Abrams, 2017).
The Nirbhaya case outlines the weak judicial system and the power of media that overpowered the population for justice. India is a democratic country, while the democracy of the nation has been vanished and swiped away by the leaders in power; the patience of the mass was tested. The journey of awareness and high reach started through the print media and was conveyed to most of the citizens of the country as well as assist the government to come up with a decision. The case deciphers how the Indian media has evolved and has come up with innovated and more confident content with making an impactful statement. The Indian media revolutionised the face of journalism and created a base for democracy. In history, for the first time, Nirbhaya’s gang rape was the main headline of every household. The media hiding the previous every such case is in a way responsible for a new one. As many magazine and reporters said that why did we need such a brutal rape case to trigger ourselves for justice, why can’t this be seen as a fundamental right? This could be an unjust plea for the other previous victims who could either not report or were not given justice because nobody supported their voice. Apart from the huge media coverage and evolving production, the other positive outcome was in the policies that emerged after the case and huge coverage. It was a unanimous plea for change and evolution that the social, cultural, ethical, and political aspects of the country and law-making should be influenced. In 2007, the sex ratio of Punjab dropped drastically and the government had to call out social emergency. It was also stated that a woman was sold in ten times less amount than that of a price of a buffalo. The judiciary amended the anti-rape law making it more strict and against the criminals and accused (Kasera, 2020)
India is not excluded, and the media inclusion of this especially terrible scene, what's more, the internet action had functional strain to the specialists to convey equity at the earliest opportunity. Attitudes have been altered and it appeared to be that individuals are no longer ready to acknowledge assault and sexual attack as "a straightforward unavoidable truth." People in India began requesting a change, and they are saddling the intensity of present-day journalism to make their significant place. In a manner, journalism and mass media has worked upon and is proved to be fruitful the transformation in the outlook of the individuals for better. However, well-meaning goals and useful endeavours of media for this situation were weakened by indented Indian Judiciary. Until date, insightful news coverage was brought into the centre at the time of the homicide of a Delhi based model named Jessica Lal by Manu Sharma, Anna Hazare when challenged debasement in the general public. The stated featured case is maybe among the most noticeable media cases obstruction looking for equity as a new measurement 'PARTICIPATIVE News-casting' was enhanced to secure majority rule government and society. From now on media has assisted with shaping general supposition and has been very effective in this job. There are various papers, magazines furthermore, a nearby Television station with a rich history. The Hindi print media crew is the most seasoned, rumoured and the king of journalism. Presently the geological limits not restricted, each media is transforming public scene because of its quality news coverage and specialized greatness. Media has effectively founded standards of believability and honesty for an apt medium, centred at unprejudiced and nonprejudiced detailing. Media is centred around the most effective method to arrive at a bigger base of individuals. Media currently has amazingly some incredible advancements. It is fundamentally the same as what McDonald’s does to its menu in each district – into account the flavour of individuals there'. Media thrives on the rear of fantastic publication content - reasonable detailing and quality printing also, trusts in the basic beliefs of believability, honesty, inventiveness, and innovative regard. Since a most recent decade, numerous acceptations have been carried out by the journalists of the function of a supposition producer what's the more, maker of general supposition as one of the CSR Philosophy. Not a single thing went missing in the Damini case. All Media were monitoring every single occurring in the Damini case additionally it gave way to the displeasure of youth in the city. 'General view' is taken on any issue by practically all media houses and the methodology of changing over popular conclusion into a dynamic which is very remarkable in itself has been received. Every media house has their research team that takes an appointment with strategy creators, state clergymen, focal clergymen and different legislators in the force and resistance. It stands firm on a specific issue, and afterwards, onwards it looks for a popular sentiment on a similar issue. It doesn't imply that it is essentially a middle person, in any case, it essentially controls the assumptions of individuals and even does remedy in broad daylight supposition (Verma, et al. 2017). Subsequently, it has constrained the government and the legal executive framework to think about popular sentiment in choice making. The reaction to the ongoing awful assault resulting in the death of the victim has featured the intensity of media to invigorate banter and change mentalities. The impact of media made a huge constrain over the judicial and the police force and the individuals for the most optimized plan of attack decision. Fights, both quiet and light lit, conveyed messages of hatred for the person in question's relatives and weight on the country’s judicial executive. In the above-expressed case, media obstruction significantly altered the case’s pace. The intercession of media was a lot of wanted because the media assisted the interrogation and proved to a helping hand to be featured as a case of coarse injustice. Media uncovered the degenerate Indian framework and the height to which they supported those with authority and currency. The mass fights that it started brought about some genuine revisions in the Indian legal executive framework. From that point, media imagined the job. The true essence and activity of media have resulted in a great outcome of an incredibly kind, of a sort that shocks individuals out of their comforts and welcomes them on an equivalent platform calling for both, significant discourse and activity for a superior prospect, should not be disregarded, however effectively advanced. The media doesn't need to avoid the court, as was requested when the denounced went to preliminary, however, keep doing its activity, however as indicated by the guidelines. Media support isn't about shock, yells or passing decisions. It is about delivering individuals once again from their wardrobe and engaging them with abilities and information to recount stories all alone.
Print media- A significant part in raising this discussion was played by the media, both public what's more, unfamiliar. It was in these resonations that the media, including print, electronic and social, was blamed for activism. As it catalyzed outrage among the common society gatherings, noticeable dailies, for example, The Hindu, The Times of India, The Indian Express, Hindustan Times, and others, constantly distributed dissenters' development and advanced the development among masses through print as well as additionally through their electronic adaptation (Charles, 2019).
Electronic media – In the current situation in India the TV web is one of the largest media in Indian news inclusion. Web-based media haven't changed that, however, have given new roads to news-gathering what's more, story dissemination. In the months going before the occasions, Indian papers what's, more, TV had secured various assault cases. Be that as it may, the December Delhi posse assault ends up being extraordinary. The fierceness of the assault and the size of the fights carried worldwide consideration regarding India's issue of brutality against ladies. A few writers we addressed feature the job of dissent in democratizing India's media. The anchor of Hindi news channel Aaj Tak Mr Saeed Ansari said that "I accept through this case, media played a significant function to pressurize the government to take a few measures for assurance of ladies. I trust due to media the family will likewise get equity for the young lady. He additionally included "I concur there are several instances of assaults in India, which are not detailed by any means. Perhaps since this case occurred in the capital, we are keener on covering it" (Ugwuanyi, 2018).
Web-based media - Another significant part of later inclusion has been part of social media. For maybe the first run-through, web-based media have been used as instruments to assemble public help all through India. Individuals are presently up with strong opinions via social media platforms like Orkut, Instagram, Facebook and other web-based media, communicating their dissatisfactions in opposition to the legislature and organization (Stubbs-Richardson, 2018). Prospecting updates on the case arriving at the majority, the immense hordes of oppositions rioting give a sign of the becoming stronger of the web and online media in saddling public help. Individuals have reached each other and set up stages from which they have lobbied for administrative activity, to guarantee equity for the person in question and offering insurance for every single Indian lady. This overflowing of public shock was not unintentional; it was composed through web-based media and different messages which brought individuals – particularly Indian youth – together in support.
Charles, J.H., 2019. Coverage of Violence against Women in Print Media: Sexism and Victim Blaming in Headlines.
Stubbs-Richardson, M., Rader, N.E. and Cosby, A.G., 2018. Tweeting rape culture: Examining portrayals of victim-blaming in discussions of sexual assault cases on Twitter. Feminism & Psychology, 28(1), pp.90-108.
Ugwuanyi, J.C., 2018. Newspaper Coverage of Rape Cases in Nigeria: Do Newspaper Report Set Agenda on the Issue?. International Journal of Communication: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Communication Studies, pp.100-109.
Hillstrom, L.C., 2018. The #metoo movement. ABC-CLIO.
Abrams, J.R., 2017. The# MeToo movement: An invitation for a feminist critique of rape crisis framing. Rich. L. Rev., 52, p.749.
Bhattacharyya, R., 2018. #Metoo Movement: An Awareness Campaign. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 3(4).
Kasera, P., 2020. A Historical Analysis of Rape Laws in India. Available at SSRN 3619807.
Verma, R.K., Kumar, S. and Ilavarasan, P.V., 2017. Government portals, social media platforms and citizen engagement in India: Some insights. Procedia computer science, 122, pp.842-849.
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