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1. Good morning I am and this is my presentation on Tobacco Control in Australia- A Study and Policy Analysis

Slide 2: Introduction

Tobacco control refers to a range of strategies and policies to reduce the health risks associated with tobacco use (Flor et al., 2021). E-cigarette use among adolescents is a critical aspect of tobacco control. The rising popularity of e-cigarettes poses unique challenges to public health efforts. Understanding the patterns, risk factors, and implications of e-cigarette use in this demographic is crucial for tailoring effective interventions and policies under the National Tobacco Strategy (Department of Health and Aged Care, 2023). This presentation is based on a study by Leung et al. (2023) that provides insights into the prevalence of e-cigarette use among adolescents and sheds light on the characteristics of those who engage in this behavior.

Slide 3 - Visual abstract based on the selected study

Slide 4: Background

The government created the National Tobacco Strategy 2023–2030 as a comprehensive framework to direct and coordinate efforts aimed at lowering tobacco-related harm in the nation. It has some critical initiatives, among which one aims at reducing tobacco initiation among young people. The study presented here closely aligns with the key initiative of the National Tobacco Strategy 2023-2030 (Department of Health and Aged Care, 2023). By understanding the factors influencing e-cigarette use in adolescents, the study contributes to the broader goal of the National Tobacco Strategy in preventing young individuals from initiating tobacco-related habits, including e-cigarette use.

Slide 5: Study Overview

  • Title of the Study: E-Cigarette Use Among High School Students—a Cross-Sectional Study of Associated Risk Factors for the Use of Flavour-Only and Nicotine Vapes
  • Authors- Janni Leung, Calvert Tisdale, Jisu Choi, Rhiannon Ellem, Lily Davidson, Gary C. K. Chan, Melanie J. White, David J. Kavanagh, Catherine Quinn & Leanne Hides Journal- International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

Publication Date- 2023

The chosen study investigates e-cigarette use among Grade 12 students in 2020 and identifies associated risk factors for using flavour-only or nicotine-containing vapes (Leung et al., 2023).

Slide 6: Study Design and Purpose

Study Design: Cross-Sectional Survey

A cross-sectional survey is a research method that simultaneously collects data from a specific population (Wang & Cheng, 2020). In this study, data on e-cigarette use among adolescents was collected at a specific time, allowing for a snapshot of prevalence and associated factors (Leung et al., 2023).

Purpose of the Study

  • To evaluate the frequency and usage trends of e-cigarettes among students in Grade 12.
  • To determine any risk factors that might be connected to this demographic's use of e-cigarettes.
  • Investigate any possible connection between using e-cigarettes and smoking cigarettes in order to better comprehend the gateway theory (Leung et al., 2023).

Slide 7: Paradigm and Strategy

  • Paradigm: Quantitative Research
  • Quantitative research involves the systematic collection and analysis of numerical data (Nassaji, 2020). This study used statistical methods to quantify the prevalence of e-cigarette use and examine associations with various variables (Leung et al., 2023).
  • Strategy: Descriptive and Analytical
  • Descriptive research provides an overview of the characteristics of a particular population or phenomenon (Doyle et al., 2019). Analytical research, on the other hand, aims to understand the relationships between different variables. This study utilised both descriptive and analytical approaches to provide a comprehensive analysis of e-cigarette use among adolescents (Leung et al., 2023).

Slide 8: Data Collection and Measures of Quality

  • Data Collection Method: Self-Administered Questionnaires
  • Participants completed questionnaires independently, providing information on their e-cigarette use, smoking habits, and other relevant factors.
  • Measures of Quality:
  • Reliability: The study used validated questionnaires and established methods to ensure data reliability.
  • Validity: The instruments used were designed to measure relevant constructs accurately, ensuring the validity of the study's findings.
  • Sample Size: The study included a representative sample of Grade 12 students, enhancing the generalizability of the results.

Slide 9: Key Findings

  • Of the students in Grade 12, about 26% said they had tried or used an e-cigarette.
  • Of them, half had vaporised nicotine.
  • Compared to women, men were more likely to use flavor-only vapes.
  • There were no discernible gender differences in the use of vapes that contained nicotine.
  • E-cigarette use was more common among adolescents who engaged in risky behaviours (such as regular alcohol consumption or cigarette smoking), especially when it came to vaping nicotine-containing e-cigarettes.
  • The study raises the possibility of a causal relationship between using e-cigarettes and cigarette smoking. This suggests that teens who have experimented with tobacco cigarettes may be more likely to experiment with e-cigarettes.

Slide 10: Implications for Policy (National Tobacco Strategy 2023-2030)

  • Strengthening Regulation:
  • The study highlights the need for stricter regulations on e-cigarette sales and marketing, particularly to adolescents.
  • Targeted Interventions:
  • Tailored interventions should be developed to address the specific risk factors identified, such as frequent alcohol use and cigarette smoking.
  • Education and Awareness:
  • Implementing educational programs to inform adolescents about the risks associated with e-cigarette use, particularly among those who have tried tobacco cigarettes.

Slide 11: Conclusion

In conclusion, this study underscores the critical need for targeted interventions in curbing e-cigarette use among Grade 12 students. The findings, aligned with the National Tobacco Strategy 2023-2030, emphasise the significance of regulating e-cigarette sales and marketing, particularly to adolescents. By identifying key risk factors, including engagement in risky behaviours and a potential pathway from cigarette smoking to e-cigarette use, this research provides a foundation for effective policies. Tailored approaches and educational programs are crucial in preventing and addressing this emerging public health concern. Through such measures, we can strive towards a tobacco-free future, prioritising the well-being of our youth.

Slide 12: This is a list of references I used for the presentation

Department of Health and Aged Care. (2023). National Tobacco Strategy 2023–2030. Australian Government Department of Health and Aged Care.

Doyle, L., McCabe, C., Keogh, B., Brady, A., & McCann, M. (2019). An overview of the qualitative descriptive design within nursing research. Journal of Research in Nursing, 25(5), 174498711988023. NCBI.

Flor, L. S., Reitsma, M. B., Gupta, V., Ng, M., & Gakidou, E. (2021). The effects of tobacco control policies on global smoking prevalence. Nature Medicine, 27(2), 239–243.

Leung, J., Tisdale, C., Choi, J., Ellem, R., Davidson, L., Chan, G., White, M. J., Kavanagh, D. J., Quinn, C., & Hides, L. (2023). E-Cigarette use among high school students—A cross-sectional study of associated risk factors for the use of flavour-only and nicotine vapes. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

Nassaji, H. (2020). Good qualitative research. Language Teaching Research, 24(4), 427–431.

Wang, X., & Cheng, Z. (2020). Cross-sectional studies: Strengths, weaknesses, and recommendations. Chest, 158(1), 65–71. NCBI.

Related Topic:- A Study and Policy Analysis of E-cigarette Tobacco Control in Australia

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