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Design of A Kinematic Device

Abstract on Six Bar Mechanism

 Mechanisms are methods for power transmission just as movement transformers. A four bar component comprises for the most part of four planar connections associated with four joints. The info is normally given as rotating movement of a connection and yield can be gotten from the movement of another connection or joiner/coupler point. The vertical (Straight) line movement from a 6 bar linkages has been utilized in a few different ways as in an abide component and as linkage to automobile suspension. This paper examines the Vertical (straight)line movement acquired from 6 bar systems and improves the structure to deliver the boosted straight line part of joiner/coupler point bend. The conditions of movement for 5 distinctive 6 bar systems will be determined and dimensional necessities for these components will be gotten so as to deliver the straight line movement. A numerical method will be examined and PC codes that produce the coupler bends will be introduced. Below the numerical outcomes study, an amalgamation strategy has been given to help mechanical design engineer in choosing the improved straight line movement dependent on plan standards.

Introduction to Six Bar Mechanism

Dimensional union assumes an indispensable job in kinematic amalgamation of instruments. It manages the assurance of different connection measurements of components. The variable geography components are utilized to meet complex movement necessities through different stages. The fundamental motivation behind factor geography component is to make blend process less difficult.

6 bar slider wrench linkages has broadly utilized in modern applications. Numerous chips away at five-bar linkages with variable geography fundamentally focus on revolute joint sort. Despite the fact that there are works which manage the five-bar slider wrench linkages, they are not ordinarily found in ventures as a result of their confinements and trouble in integrating. The target of the current work is to acquaint the 6 bar slider system for modern applications and to make the amalgamation of 6 bar slider simple. For the reason, a technique known as factor geography is utilized. The paper manages the blend of a counterbalance five-bar slider with variable geography component and a driven five-bar slider variable geography instrument. As it were, this paper is the continuation of crafted by second creator. The proposed methodology effectively applied tothe blend of five-bar slider which has not been attempted.

The strategy utilized in the current work has been found in the past investigations for the planar 5 bar and 6-bar components with just revolute sets . The systems with sliders, etc are not managed. An endeavor to utilize the method to the components with kaleidoscopic sets, that is, sliders, where the circumstances like that balance slider and, henceforth, stretch proportion come into picture.


Linkages are maybe the most central class of machines that people utilize to transform thought without hesitation. From the main switch and support, to the most mind boggling shade system, linkages decipher one sort of movement into other new movements. It is most likely difficult to follow the genuine birthplace of linkages, for designers have consistently been awful at documentation. Pictures of switches attracted Egyptian burial places may themselves record antiquated (to them!) history. Yet, given their value, linkages will be with us generally. They structure a connect to our past and stretch out an arm to our future. For whatever length of time that we continue turning the innovative wrench, this will merge with our endeavors so that all adherents of innovation can move in a state of harmony.

In this section on linkages, understand that history assumes an essential job in the advancement of your very own mentality towards getting skilled at making and utilizing linkages. Like it was with numerous different regions of designing, applied mathematicians and their interest for how their new investigation apparatuses could be utilized to get issues (openings!) catalyzed the disclosure of linkages and examination techniques. The investigation of linkages is an exceptionally full grown and rich branch of knowledge however it is in no way, shape or form over. In actuality, whole courses are devoted to showing understudies how to ace what is and isn't thought about the structure of linkages. Maybe what isn't known is simply sitting tight for somebody like you to make the following disclosure! Specifically, a large portion of us are restricted to utilizing basic 4 or 6 bar linkages that move in single particular plane, yet the earth is 3D model and sitting tight for you.

Information of 6 Bar Link Mechanism

Here we have designed 6 bar link mechanism with specific dimensions of (

Link 1= 45 mm

Link 2=63 mm

Link 3= 45mm

Link 4= 80 mm

link 5= 55mm

This all links are connected with each other with pin joint and which allow them liner motion.

 This mechanism is design for the purpose of shifting the material linearly from one line to the other. If you see this links we have fixed the link 1 & 5 so that we can get the fixed liner motion. This link are connected in such a way that it have only 1 degree of freedom.

Calculation for DOF (Degree of freedom)



 n = number of link. i.e. 6 ( Considering fixed support as a link)

J is binary joint i.e. 7

H is higher pair i.e. 0

D.F = 3(6-1)-2*7 = 1

Hence as per above calculations we have proved that this link have only sing degree of freedom which we have fixed as liner only.

Design Parameter

It is very simple and very easy to design if you see the attached mechanism in that we have shown 5 link out of which 2 are fixed form one of its end and each joint is pin joint as shown in same.

You have to take the below mention dimension link

Link 1 -......................................(Frame 1)

Link 2 –-......................................(Coupler)

Link 3 –-......................................(Constrainer )

Link 4 –-......................................(Coupler)

Link 5 –-......................................(Frame 2)

The link 1 is connected with link 2 , 3 & 4 and link 5 is connected with link 4 however link 3 is act as motion constrainer. This all links are connected in such a way so that they can make only linear motion for specific purpose.


The operation of this mechanism is in such a way it can pull/shift the material form loaction1 to location 2 linearly when link one shift towards left to its direction. You can apply this mechanism inn such a place where two conveyor are moving with opposite direction and there is gap between them and you have to shift the material form conveyer one to conveyer two from the platform between them. At such a place it can shift the material linearly and pass the material form one location to other. 


We have consider SS 304 for the manufacturing of this mechanism as we all know SS have good corrosion resistance as well as having long life.

Sr. No.





Link 1

0.5 kg



Link 2

0.3 kg



Link 3

0.1 kg



Link 4

0.4 kg



Link 5

0.6 kg



Pins (6 nos.)

0.1 kg




$8.48 ~8.5

Our complete mechanism can be constructed at the cost of approx 8.5 $ which will have high durability, strength and loge life.

Conclusion on Six Bar Mechanism

The target kept in this task is to help mechanical design engineer with devices and information to structure a 6 bar instrument to deliver a straight line coupler bend that would meet his/her plan standards. Four unique five-linkages that are fit for delivering a straight line yield are presented and their motilities have been clarified in detail. The two conditions that are required for a five-bar component to convey a balanced yield have been given along their evidences. Two wrench rocker components that produce straight line joiner/coupler bend have been broke down and the dimensional necessities with the end goal for them to create vertical/straight lines have been determined. Position investigations of the considerable number of connections in 6 bar system have been finished.

References for Six Bar Mechanism

Wikipedia -

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