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What is the purpose of this document?

The StudentPack is the document you, the student, needs to complete to demonstrate competency. This document includes the context and conditions of your assessment, the tasks to be completed by you and an outline of the evidence to be gathered.

The information includes the following:

  • Information related to the unit of competency
  • Guidelines and instructions to complete each task and activity
  • A student evaluation form

Student Evaluation Form

These documents are designed after conducting thorough industry consultation. Students are encouraged to evaluate this document and provide constructive feedback to their training organisation if they feel that this document can be improved.

Link to other unit documents

  • The Student Pack is a document for students to complete to demonstrate their competency. This document includes context and conditions of assessment, tasks to be administered to the student, and an outline of the evidence to be gathered from the student.
  • The Unit Mapping is a document that contains information and comprehensive mapping with the training package requirements.
  • The Unit Requirements is a document that contains information related to the unit of competency for the Training Organisation staff and students.

Q1: Answer the following questions:

1.1. Explain the key processes for risk assessment and management in preparing the detailed geotechnical designs using 100-150 words.

1.2. Explain the workplace safety health and safety responsibilities of employee using 50-100 words.

1.3. Discuss the key environmental management requirements to consider when preparing detailed geotechnical design using 100-150 words.

1.4. Discuss the key cultural and heritage requirements to consider when preparing detailed geotechnical design using 100-150 words.

1.5. What are the key considerations for quality management in preparing the detailed geotechnical design? Write your answer using 80-100 words.

1.6. Discuss two (2) Australian and two (2) International Standards related detailed design geotechnical design. Write your answer using 150-200 words.

1.7. Explain the key aspects of industry and organisational design that should be considered when preparing detailed geotechnical design using 150-200 words.

1.8. Discuss the current industry best practices related to site investigation and risk assessment and management that should be followed when preparing detailed geotechnical designs using 100-150 words.

1.9. When should you implement the following geotechnical work options? Write your answer using 80-110 words.

a) Shallow Foundations

b) Deep Foundations

c) Ground Improvement Techniques

1.10. Discuss any three (3) geometric considerations that should be factored into the geotechnical design process using 100-150 words.

1.11. Discuss the following key aspects of geotechnical works related to surfacing using 100-150 words.

a) Subgrade Preparation

b) Pavement Design

1.12. Explain workplace recording and reporting procedures and documentation using 100-150 words.

1.13. Explain the key steps for design approvals and records filing in the geotechnical design process using 50-70 words.

1.14. Explain the purpose of performance reviews in the geotechnical designs in 50-100 words.

1.15. What is the importance of system close outs? Write your answer in 50-100 words.


Discuss two (2) potential hazards, two (2) constraints and two (2) conditions that could impact the project's safety, constructability, and performance using 100-150 words.

Two potential hazards that could impact a project's safety, constructability, and performance are:

  • Geotechnical Hazards: These include soil instability, landslides, and subsidence, which can compromise the structural integrity of foundations and retaining walls. Mitigation measures like soil testing and proper foundation design are necessary to address these hazards.
  • Environmental Hazards: Projects may encounter environmental constraints like protected habitats, water bodies, or contamination in the soil. Compliance with environmental regulations, including mitigation and remediation plans, is vital to avoid legal and environmental issues.

Two constraints are:

Budget Constraints: Limited financial resources can constrain material choices and construction methods, potentially compromising safety and quality. Careful cost estimation and value engineering can help manage these constraints.

Time Constraints: Tight project schedules can lead to rushed decision-making and compromise safety and constructability. Effective project management and scheduling are essential to meet deadlines without compromising quality.

Two conditions that can impact the project are:

  • Weather Conditions: Extreme weather events can delay construction, impact soil stability, and affect safety. Contingency plans for adverse weather, such as stormwater management and erosion control, must be in place.
  • Regulatory Conditions: Changes in local regulations or permits can affect project timelines and safety measures. Staying updated with regulatory requirements and adapting to them is crucial for project success.



Discuss the techniques for choosing preferred options to undertake the detailed design of geotechnical works using 200-250 words.

Choosing preferred options for geotechnical design involves several techniques:

· Site Investigation: Conduct a thorough site investigation to gather data on soil properties, groundwater levels, and geological conditions. This data helps in selecting appropriate design options and understanding potential challenges.

· Risk Assessment: Perform a risk assessment to identify potential hazards and constraints. Evaluate the likelihood and consequences of different design options, considering safety, constructability, and performance. This aids in selecting the most suitable option.

· Cost-Benefit Analysis: Compare the costs and benefits of different design alternatives. Consider not only the initial construction costs but also long-term maintenance and operational costs. The preferred option should offer the best balance between cost and performance.

· Expert Consultation: Engage geotechnical experts and engineers who have experience in similar projects. Their knowledge and expertise can help in making informed decisions regarding design options.

· Stakeholder Input: Involve project stakeholders, including clients and regulatory authorities, in the decision-making process. Their input can provide valuable insights and ensure that the selected option aligns with project goals and requirements.

· Environmental Considerations: Assess the environmental impact of design options and choose the one that aligns with sustainability goals and regulatory requirements.

Satisfactory response

Yes ☐

No ☐


Discuss three (3) team leadership techniques that can be employed during the geotechnical design process using 100-150 words.

Three team leadership techniques during the geotechnical design process include:

· Clear Communication: Effective communication is crucial for successful team leadership. Project leaders should ensure that all team members understand their roles, responsibilities, and goals. Regular meetings and updates keep everyone on the same page and facilitate the exchange of ideas and feedback.

· Collaboration and Problem Solving: Encourage collaboration among team members to tackle complex geotechnical challenges. Leaders should create a culture of open discussion and brainstorming, fostering innovative solutions to design issues. Addressing problems collectively leads to more robust design outcomes.

· Risk Management: Effective leadership involves proactively identifying and managing risks. Leaders should guide the team in assessing potential hazards and constraints and developing strategies to mitigate them. This includes implementing safety measures, contingency plans, and risk response strategies to ensure the project's success.

Satisfactory response

Yes ☐

No ☐


Discuss the following operational techniques that can be employed during the geotechnical design process using 100-150 words.

a) Project planning and management

b) Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC)

c) Data management and documentation

Operational techniques during the geotechnical design process include:

· Project Planning and Management: Effective project planning and management are essential for geotechnical design. This includes defining project objectives, setting milestones, allocating resources, and creating a detailed schedule. A well-structured project plan helps in ensuring that safety, constructability, and performance goals are met.

· Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC): Implement a robust QA/QC program to maintain the quality of geotechnical design and construction. This involves conducting inspections, tests, and audits to ensure that the work meets specified standards and complies with safety requirements. QA/QC procedures help identify and rectify issues early in the project.

· Data Management and Documentation: Proper data management is critical for geotechnical design. It involves collecting, organizing, and storing geotechnical data, including site investigation reports, soil tests, and design calculations. Comprehensive documentation ensures that all project stakeholders have access to crucial information and facilitates informed decision-making throughout the project's lifecycle.

Satisfactory response

Yes ☐

No ☐


Discuss the capabilities of different plant and equipment used for geotechnical works mentioned in the table using 1-2 sentences each.

Drilling rigs

Drilling rigs are used to create boreholes and extract soil or rock samples for testing. They can reach varying depths and are crucial for site investigation, collecting data for design, and assessing subsurface conditions.

Dynamic compaction equipment

Dynamic compaction equipment, such as heavy drop weights, is used to improve the engineering properties of loose or compressible soils. It involves repeatedly dropping a weight from a specified height to densify the soil and increase its load-bearing capacity.

Bored piling equipment

Bored piling equipment is used for constructing deep foundation elements, such as piles and caissons. These machines bore holes into the ground, often in challenging soil conditions, and can be used to support heavy structures.

Standard Penetration Test (SPT) equipment

SPT equipment is used to assess the subsurface soil properties by measuring the resistance encountered during driving a split-spoon sampler into the ground. It provides valuable data for geotechnical design, particularly in determining soil stratigraphy and relative density.

Satisfactory response

Yes ☐

No ☐


Explain the following commonly used cost estimation techniques in geotechnical design using 100-150 words.

a) Unit cost estimating

b) Analogous estimating

Satisfactory response

Yes ☐

No ☐


Discuss the key principles of design review using 150-200 words.

Design review is a critical process in the development of any project, ensuring that the design meets its objectives, adheres to relevant standards, and is feasible and cost-effective. The key principles of design review are as follows:

· Objective Assessment: The design review process should be unbiased and objective, focusing on evaluating the design's strengths and weaknesses. Reviewers should prioritize the project's goals and not personal preferences or preconceptions.

· Multidisciplinary Approach: Design reviews should involve a multidisciplinary team with diverse expertise, including architects, engineers, project managers, and relevant stakeholders. This ensures a comprehensive evaluation and identification of potential issues from various angles.

· Adherence to Standards and Codes: The design should align with industry standards, building codes, and regulations. Reviewers must verify that the design complies with safety, environmental, and legal requirements.

· Feasibility and Constructability: Reviewers should assess the feasibility of the design in terms of materials, construction methods, and available resources. They should consider how well the design can be translated into a physical structure without unnecessary complexity or cost.

· Risk Identification and Mitigation: Identify potential risks and challenges in the design early in the process. Develop strategies to mitigate these risks to avoid costly issues during construction or operation.

· Clear Communication: Effective communication between reviewers, designers, and stakeholders is crucial. Review feedback should be constructive and clearly articulated, and all parties should have an opportunity to discuss concerns and proposed changes.

· Iteration and Improvement: The design review process should not be a one-time event but an iterative one. Feedback should lead to design refinements and improvements, resulting in a more robust and efficient final design.

· Cost Considerations: The cost implications of design decisions should be a part of the review. Ensure that the design aligns with the project's budget and that any budgetary constraints are addressed.

· Timely Reviews: Design reviews should occur at key milestones, from initial concept to detailed design phases, to catch issues early and minimize costly revisions later in the project.

· Documentation: Comprehensive documentation of the review process, including findings, recommendations, and actions taken, is essential for accountability and reference.

Adhering to these key principles in design review helps ensure that the final design is not only innovative and creative but also practical, safe, and cost-effective. It minimizes the risk of costly errors and delays during construction and enhances the overall success of the project.

Satisfactory response

The organisation will provide you with access to the following documents:

  • Plans
  • Drawings
  • Specifications
  • Design briefs
  • Australian and other appropriate standards
  • Engineering surveys and geotechnical information
  • Hydrological, meteorological, cultural and heritage data
  • Geotechnical works construction materials test results
  • Geotechnical works selection data

When preparing geotechnical designs, you must:

  • Calculate areas, volumes, densities, mass, percentages, and grades
    • Calculate the areas and volumes of the cut and fill sections, as well as the required quantities of construction materials (e.g., soil, rock, concrete, geosynthetics).
    • Determine the mass and densities of the materials to be used in the design.
  • Calculate the slope angles, grades, and any required reinforcement spacing or lengths.
  • Maintain design and cost records.
  • Document all design calculations, assumptions, and decisions throughout the process, ensuring that they are traceable and easily understandable.
  • Keep track of cost estimates and budget considerations for each design option.
  • Determine geotechnical works loadings.
  • Identify and quantify the loadings that the slope stabilization measures must resist, such as dead loads, live loads, and hydrostatic pressures.
  • Consider potential seismic and wind loads, if applicable.
  • Select geotechnical works options.
  • Based on the site conditions, project requirements, and comparative analysis, select the most suitable slope stabilization technique(s).
  • Size geotechnical works components
  • Determine the dimensions and specifications for the selected slope stabilization components, such as retaining wall thickness, soil nail lengths and spacing, or ground anchor depths and capacities.
  • Select and apply appropriate construction techniques.
  • Identify the most suitable construction methods and techniques for implementing the chosen slope stabilization measures, taking into account site access, equipment requirements, and environmental considerations.
  • Develop and apply design plans.
  • Prepare detailed design plans for the slope stabilization, including construction drawings, specifications, and bill of materials.
  • Interpret and analyse data to recommend options.
  • Evaluate the design options by analysing the data collected and the calculations performed. Recommend the most viable option based on factors such as cost, constructability, and long-term performance.
  • Complete a detailed design of geotechnical works
  • Finalise the design, ensuring that all calculations, assumptions, and specifications are clearly documented and adhere to the relevant standards and guidelines.
  • Prepare a cost estimate.
  • Prepare a detailed cost estimate for the selected slope stabilization measures, including material, labor, and equipment costs, as well as any contingencies.
  • Participate in the review of the design.
  • Present the design to peers, supervisors, or other stakeholders for review and feedback. Address any concerns or suggestions and revise the design as necessary.
  • Obtain design approval.
  • Submit the final design to the appropriate authorities or client for approval, ensuring that all required documentation is included.
  • Complete and submit design costs.
  • Finalize and submit the cost estimate for the approved design, clearly documenting all associated costs and contingencies.
  • Review application and recommend changes
  • Monitor the construction process and review the application of the design in the field. Recommend any changes or modifications necessary to address unforeseen site conditions or other issues that may arise during construction.


Instructions for the trainer/assessor:

  • The trainer/assessor must assign a supervisor to each student.
  • The role of the Supervisor is to allocate the tasks, activities, and responsibilities that you will be required to undertake to complete this assessment task. 
  • The Supervisor will supervise/observe the work by standing near the working location, evaluate the student demonstrating the required skills and complete an observation report based on the observation and student’s ability to focus on consistent performance and problem recognition and solving.
  • The person completing the observation report must have a direct, relevant, current relationship with the person being assessed and who is in a position to form a judgement on workplace performance relevant to the unit of competency.

Instructions for the student:

  • The student must follow the instructions provided by the Supervisor.
  • The student must complete the activities specified.
  • The student must clarify the operation and task requirements through verbal briefing with supervisor.
  • The student must follow organisational procedures, industry standards, equipment specifications, regulations, codes of practice and operations manuals during completion of the assessment activities.

Roles and responsibilities (Supervisor):

The Supervisor must:

  • Ensure that the student is clear about the job specifications.
  • Assign a supervisor or supervise the student performing each activity.
  • Observe the student performing each activity and assess them against the observation checklist provided after each activity.

Job responsibilities:

As part of your job role, you will have the following responsibilities:

  • Gather, interpret, clarify, and confirm work specifications.
  • Access, interpret, and apply documentation required for detailed geotechnical works designs, as well as ensure that work activity is compliant.
  • Create a design plan based on the resourcing and design requirements.
  • Gather, interpret, and analyse required data, and identify geotechnical works design options based on job requirements.
  • Interpret and analyse geotechnical works design options and recommend design options based on job requirements.
  • Create and complete detailed geotechnical works designs in accordance with job specifications.
  • Create a cost estimate for implementing the geotechnical works design.
  • Take part in the review of geotechnical works design with the necessary stakeholders.
  • Complete required documentation for geotechnical works design in accordance with workplace requirements.
  • Communicate and coordinate with design personnel in accordance with workplace requirements and within the scope of one's own role.
  • Obtain design approval from the appropriate authorities.
  • Ensure that design records are filed in accordance with workplace requirements.
  • Complete the design cost and reporting requirements and deliver them to the appropriate stakeholders.
  • Participate in design process performance review in accordance with workplace requirements.
  • Examine client feedback and contribute to design verification in accordance with workplace specifications.
  • Close out systems in accordance with workplace requirements.
  • As needed, provide clarification and advice to personnel implementing design to meet job requirements.
  • Examine design implementation and make changes as needed to meet job requirements.
  • As needed to meet job requirements, contribute to the design validation process.

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