Book All Semester Assignments at 50% OFF! ORDER NOW


  • Italy's COVID-19 scenario: Ethical challenges due to resource scarcity and patient overload.
  • Focus on duty of care, fidelity, and resource scarcity, revealing complex ethical landscape.
  • Clash between optimal care and resource constraints leads to a moral dilemma.

Duty of Care and Fidelity

  • Duty of care and fidelity in healthcare.
  • Primary duty of healthcare providers: Save lives and prioritize patient well-being.
  • Resource scarcity leading to difficult decisions, potentially compromising duty of care and fidelity (David et al., 2019).

Utilitarianism and Beneficence

  • Utilitarianism: Maximize benefits for the majority.
  • Alignment with beneficence: Promote patient well-being (Kahane et al., 2018).
  • SIAARTI guidelines prioritizing patients with higher therapeutic success chances (Tam, 2021).

Deontological Ethics and Non-Maleficence

  • Deontological ethics: Adhere to rules and duties (Tseng & Wang, 2021).
  • Non-maleficence principle: Avoid harm to individuals.
  • Tension of potentially withholding care conflicting with non-maleficence (Meier et al., 2022).

Distributive Justice and Resource Allocation

  • Distributive justice: Equitable resource allocation.
  • SIAARTI guidelines prioritizing successful therapeutic outcomes (Sesta et al., 2020).
  • Ethical challenge: Denying care based on age or health status (Persad, 2019) .
  • Potential negligence as a legal concern.
  • Elements: Duty of care, breach, causation, harm (Cypher, 2020).
  • Resource constraints questioning alignment with care standards.

Nurses’ Decision-Making and Australian Legislation

  • Australia's nursing decision-making framework: Standards, ethics, legislation (Gullick et al., 2019).
  • AHPRA's Registered Nurse Standards for Practice emphasizing quality care (APHRA, 2023).
  • ICN's Code of Ethics for Nurses influencing actions (ICN, 2021).
  • The Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation (ANMF), serving as the professional body for nurses and midwives (ANMF, 2022)


In conclusion, this presentation underscores the intricate ethical landscape of healthcare decisions amid resource constraints. The scenario's clash between the duty of care and limited resources underscores a moral dilemma. The analysis of utilitarianism, deontology, justice, and legal concerns highlights the complexity healthcare professionals navigate.

Australia's nursing framework exemplifies dedication to ethical standards. This discussion emphasises ongoing ethical discourse, education, and interdisciplinary collaboration to ensure morally sound decisions. The pandemic has magnified the vital role of ethics, prompting introspection on the values guiding medical practice into the future


Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency. (2023). Registration Standards.

Australian Nursing and Midwifery Federation. (2022). Policies, Guidelines & Position Statements.

Cypher, R. L. (2020). Demystifying the 4 elements of negligence. The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing , 34 (2), 108-109.

David, E., DePierro, J. M., Marin, D. B., Sharma, V., Charney, D. S., & Katz, C. L. (2021). COVID-19 pandemic support programs for healthcare workers and implications for occupational mental health: A narrative review. Psychiatric Quarterly , 1-21.

Gullick, J., Lin, F., Massey, D., Wilson, L., Greenwood, M., Skylas, K., & Gill, F. J. (2019). Structures, processes and outcomes of specialist critical care nurse education: an integrative review. Australian Critical Care , 32 (4), 331-345.

International Council of Nurses. (2021). The ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses.

Jakimowicz, S., Perry, L., & Lewis, J. (2018). Insights on compassion and patient-centred nursing in intensive care: A constructivist grounded theory. Journal of Clinical Nursing , 27 (7-8), 1599-1611.

Jung, M. (2020). A legal consideration of distributive justice and rights to health in the COVID-19 era. 보건교육건강증진학회지 , 37 (3), 101-114.

Kahane, G., Everett, J. A., Earp, B. D., Caviola, L., Faber, N. S., Crockett, M. J., & Savulescu, J. (2018). Beyond sacrificial harm: A two-dimensional model of utilitarian psychology. Psychological Review , 125 (2), 131.

Meier, L. J., Hein, A., Diepold, K., & Buyx, A. (2022). Algorithms for ethical decision-making in the clinic: A proof of concept. The American Journal of Bioethics , 22 (7), 4-20.

Persad, G. (2019). Evaluating the legality of age-based criteria in health care: From nondiscrimination and discretion to distributive justice. BCL Rev. , 60 , 889.

Pilbeam, C., Tonkin-Crine, S., Martindale, A. M., Atkinson, P., Mableson, H., Lant, S., & Gobat, N. (2022). How do healthcare workers ‘do’guidelines? Exploring how policy decisions impacted UK healthcare workers during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Qualitative Health Research , 32 (5), 729-743.

Sesta, L., Mondello, C., Cardia, L., Mondello, E., Baldino, G., & Spagnolo, E. V. (2020). COVID-19 in Italy. Clinical emergency and bioethical perspectives. Euromediterranean Biomedical Journal , 15 .

Tam, K. I. (2021). An ethical conundrum: Palliative care in the COVID-19 pandemic. Palliative & Supportive Care , 19 (2), 127-128.

Tseng, P. E., & Wang, Y. H. (2021). Deontological or utilitarian? An eternal ethical dilemma in outbreak. International Journal Of Environmental Research and Public Health , 18 (16), 8565.

You Might Also Like:-

List of Health Issues and Target Communities Assessment Sample

COVID 19; A Homeric Research Endeavour

Medical Science Assignment Help

Get Quote in 5 Minutes*

Applicable Time Zone is AEST [Sydney, NSW] (GMT+11)
Upload your assignment
  • 1,212,718Orders

  • 4.9/5Rating

  • 5,063Experts


  • 21 Step Quality Check
  • 2000+ Ph.D Experts
  • Live Expert Sessions
  • Dedicated App
  • Earn while you Learn with us
  • Confidentiality Agreement
  • Money Back Guarantee
  • Customer Feedback

Just Pay for your Assignment

  • Turnitin Report

  • Proofreading and Editing

    $9.00Per Page
  • Consultation with Expert

    $35.00Per Hour
  • Live Session 1-on-1

    $40.00Per 30 min.
  • Quality Check

  • Total

  • Let's Start

Get AI-Free Assignment Help From 5000+ Real Experts

Order Assignments without Overpaying
Order Now

My Assignment Services- Whatsapp Tap to ChatGet instant assignment help